By K.E. Michelson
This paintings is predicated on my 1983 doctoral dissertation submitted to the dept of Linguistics at Harvard collage, even though it represents an in depth revision and reorganization of that paintings. quite a lot of fabric that weren't inside the unique were further, and components that deal with theoretical concerns that, not less than in the intervening time, have receded into the historical past, were passed over. Many colleagues and buddies have contributed to my sustained fascina tion with in addition to my figuring out of lroquoian linguistics. to start with, i'm thankful to the Iroquois who've contributed their profound knowl facet and their friendship in the course of my learn: Elda Antone, Mercy Doxtator, Dayton Doxtator, Reg Henry, Frank Natawe, the overdue Georgina Nicholas, Catherine Norton, Mike Norton. the overdue Sanford Schenandoah, and Norma Sickles. I additionally deeply enjoy being a part of a close-knit and supportive neighborhood of lroquoian linguists, and specifically I thank Cliff Abbott, Wallace Chafe, Mike Foster, Marianne Mithun, and Hanni Woodbury for delivering reviews at the dissertation. i've got additionally benefited from, and price hugely, super stimulating conversations with Floyd Lounsbury within the previous few years. The effect of my advisers and acquaintances may be obtrusive through the paintings. I thank in particular Nick Clements, Ives Goddard, Jochem Schindler, Robin Barr, Harry Bochner, Brian Doherty, Mark Hale, and Phil LeSourd.
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Extra resources for A Comparative Study of Lake-Iroquoian Accent
The punctual aspect indicates a single event seen as a whole; it always occurs with one of the three modal prefixes (factual, future, or optative). The stative expresses the fact that a previous situation is still relevant at the time of speaking or at some other reference point; it also indicates continuous activity in the present in verbs that do not have a consequence. The verb stem may consist of a single root, or it may consist of several morphemes. There are four major divisions in the stem: the (semi)reflexive, the incorporated noun root, the verb root, and derivational suffixes.
N1' yajJk-s He cuts it MA-cut-HAB (58) wah A ,t/\hrejJ wajJ-hra-(i)t /\ hr-jJ He pitied FACT-MA-pity-PUNC (59) cf. r A ,t /\ hrejJ hra-(i)t /\ hr-jJ He pities MA-pity-HAB (60) /\ hanuhtunyujJ /\ -hr(a)-anuht-u-nyu-jJ He will use his brain FUT-MA-know-DIST-DIST-PUNC (61 ) cf. ), shows that r is retained before underlying ;\ but not before underlying i-stems. The underlying r of prefixes other than the MA is lost when the prefix is preceded by at least one other morpheme in the word (regardless of the stern type): (66) tehoya' ku te-·hro-yajJk-u He broke it DU-MP-cut-ST AT (67) cf.
Wakharatatuhatye wak-haratat-u-hatye-0 I go along lifting up 1P-Iift-STAT-PROG-ST AT (2) a. khya'tus k-hyatu-s I write lA-write-HAB b. yehyatuhkhwa? 3 pencil FA-write-INST-HAB c. teyehyatuhseray /I. tahkhwa? te-ye-hyatu-hsr-a-y /I. 4 playing cards DU-FA-write-NOM-JOIN-putJOIN-INST-HAB (3) a. sanuhwaro'rok sa-nuhwar-orok-0 b. kenuhwarorokhsi? 5 Put on your hat! 2P-head -cover-IMP I took off my hat FACT-1A-head-cover-UN-PUNC The lengthening of accented vowels in open penults is exemplified further by the: long versus short vowel alternations in the stems in (4), (5), and (6).