By James C. Howell, Mark W. Lipsey, John J. Wilson
This instruction manual promotes a finished method based on evidence-based programming for juvenile justice structures to undertake or increase their present process. the great approach is supported strongly via the vast learn base that's now to be had. This technique acknowledges, first, really small share of the juveniles who at the start input the juvenile justice method will turn out to be severe, violent, or power offenders, yet that workforce bills for a wide share of the final quantity of delinquency. an enormous part of a complete evidence-based juvenile justice process, for this reason, is distinguishing those offenders from others and focusing awareness and assets on that smaller staff. moment, a entire procedure acknowledges that critical, violent, or continual delinquency emerges alongside developmental pathways that growth from much less to extra severe profiles of offending. precedence has to be given to interrupting those criminal careers by way of calibrating the extent of supervision and regulate of the juveniles’ habit to their point of danger. The 3rd significant element of a entire method, for this reason, is efficacious intervention courses which are in a position to lowering the recidivism of these juveniles in danger for additional delinquency. the excellent approach for critical, Violent, and protracted Juvenile Offenders is an administrative framework that helps a continuum of prone that parallel the advance of criminal careers. This framework emphasizes evidence-based programming in particular on recidivism relief, and helps protocols for constructing finished cures that fit powerful companies with criminal remedy wishes alongside the life-course of antisocial careers, as they flow from consumption onward, to probation, group courses, confinement, and reentry. Juvenile justice structures will take advantage of incorporation of a entire process as supplied within the instruction manual.
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Extra info for A Handbook for Evidence-Based Juvenile Justice Systems
The prospects of successful early intervention are increased given that the “pathways” part of the picture shows a developmental progression—rather than more or less random delinquents and incidents—with the implication that it can be interrupted by effective intervention. This enterprise is complicated, though, by the reality that most offenders are intermittent offenders. Careful risk assessments are thus imperative. Moreover, there are various points of intervention along that pathway ranging from early prevention to more intensive intervention well into offenders’ careers.
For example, in a Philadelphia study that examined continuity in offending among serious, violent, and chronic juvenile offender subgroups, Kempf-Leonard, Tracy, and Howell (2001) the maleto-female ratio was 3:1 among serious offenders (serious property and violent offenders), 4:1 among violent offenders, and 3:1 among chronic offenders. These researchers found larger gender differences when they examined repeated serious and violent offending. , 2006), girls commit the same types of offenses as boys, and self-report surveys of adolescents support the notion that the female-male ratio of delinquency involvement has increased substantially in recent years (Esbensen, Peterson, Taylor, and Freng, 2010; Hipwell and Loeber, 2006).
Pollard et al. (2002); Crosnoe, Erickson, and Dornbusch (2002); Fagan, Van Horn, Hawkins, and Arthur (2007); and Hart, O’Toole, Price-Sharps et al. (2007). indb 36 5/29/14 10:55 AM 3 A Comprehensive Strategy for Evidence-based Juvenile Justice Practice T IN BRIEF his handbook promotes a comprehensive strategy for juvenile justice practice that is supported by the broad research base that is now available. This strategy recognizes, first, that a relatively small proportion of the juveniles who initially enter the juvenile justice system will prove to be serious, violent, or chronic offenders, but that group accounts for a large proportion of the overall amount of delinquency.