By Daniel Chernilo
A Social conception of the countryside: the political kinds of modernity past methodological nationalism, construes a singular and unique social idea of the geographical region. It rejects nationalistic methods of considering that take the countryside without any consideration up to globalist orthodoxy that speaks of its present and definitive decline.
Its major objective is as a result to supply a renovated account of the nation-state’s old improvement and up to date international demanding situations through an research of the writings of key social theorists. This reconstruction of the background of the countryside into 3 periods:
- classical (K. Marx, M. Weber, E. Durkheim)
- modernist (T. Parsons, R. Aron, R. Bendix, B. Moore)
- contemporary (M. Mann, E. Hobsbawm, U. Beck, M. Castells, N. Luhmann, J. Habermas)
For every one part, it introduces social theory’s key perspectives concerning the geographical region, its earlier, current and destiny. In so doing this ebook rejects methodological nationalism, the declare that the countryside is the mandatory illustration of the fashionable society, since it misrepresents the nation-state’s personal challenging trajectory in modernity. And methodological nationalism can be rejected since it is not able to seize the richness of social theory’s highbrow canon. as a substitute, through a robust perception of society and a subtler inspiration of the countryside, A Social thought of the Nation-State attempts to account for the ‘opacity of the countryside in modernity’.
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Extra resources for A social theory of the nation-state : the political forms of modernity beyond methodological nationalism
Chapter 5, for instance, concentrates in the way in which Durkheim claimed that the nation-state could only legitimise itself if it was able to secure individual liberties, national welfare and peaceful international relations. The nation-state was, in his view, fully committed to upholding moral universalism within and beyond its frontiers. Similarly, Habermas’ recent arguments with regard to the rise of a post-national constellation point in the direction of a further widening of the democratic foundation of national belonging towards a European and, eventually, a cosmopolitan global order (Chapter 10).
In this book, this argument on the historicity of the nation-state can be found in Marx’s idea that the nation-state is a transitory political form in A claim to universalism 23 capitalism and that, because ‘all that is solid melts into air,’ nation-states become ‘antiquated before they can ossify’ (Chapter 3). Similarly, there is the claim that the beginning of the Age of Imperialism may mark equally the beginning of the collapse of the modern nation-state system (Chapter 8). More recently, it has been suggested that the nation-state is collapsing yet again under the weight of multilayered globalisation processes (Chapter 9).
Conclusion Methodological nationalism needs to be rejected and transcended; such an aim is no doubt the purpose of all of us who contribute to this debate. The equation between the nation-state and society not only distorts social theory’s legacy but also prevents us from capturing the opacity of the nation-state in modernity. Methodological nationalism creates a situation in which, rather inadvertently, we end up obviating the difficulties of the nation-state’s historical record, reifying social theory’s conceptual tools and simplifying all underlying normative concerns so that the nation-state becomes, in turn, historically necessary, sociologically solid and normatively grounded.