By K P Prabhakaran Nair
''This is an efficient replacement to the chemically propelled commercial agriculture of eco-friendly Revolution that has led to opposed environmental fallout on Indian soils. Black Pepper has a chequered background. It was once actually the 'spice conflict' among the Arabs, the Portuguese, the Dutch and the British that resulted in the colonisation of India, which all started with the touchdown of Vasco da Gama on Kappad seashore. within the booklet, Prbhakaran Nair lines the foundation, historical past, international unfold, improvement, agronomy, food, financial system, international alternate, pharmacopoeia and finish items of the 2 spice vegetation of the realm, often called the 'king' and 'queen' of spices. The publication has been introduced by means of Elsevier overseas. The digital ebook has been introduced at the new 'Elsevier Insights' undertaking, a brand new inspiration in digital publishing.''--bnlive.in.com
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Additional resources for Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper and Cardamom. The King and Queen of Spices
The infestation of the pest in the lower part of the vine results in the most damage, amounting to a yield loss of approximately 5–50% in the upper part (Deciyanto and Suprapto, 1992). A number of natural predators have been identified, of which Spathius piperis has been found to be the most effective in controlling the pest both in the laboratory and in the field. As much as 40% control has been reported (Deciyanto and Suprapto, 1992). A number of insecticides have been recommended for the control of the pepper weevil.
7 The Processing of Black Pepper on Farm The processing of pepper starts from the harvesting operation, which is a long, drawn-out process. With the onset of the southwest monsoon in the months of May and June, the pepper plants start to flower. The harvest commences in December and spills over into January of the following year, when there is ample sunshine and the rains completely cease. Varietal differences and the prevalent climatic pattern decide the harvesting process. In the plains of the state of Kerala, the early maturing varieties reach the harvest stage by November and the late maturing ones by December– January.
The onset and spread of foot rot has been found to be closely correlated to a wet and cloudy atmosphere prevalent during the southwest monsoon period in the state of Kerala. 2 Pepper harvesting by men labourers (harvested berries in back pack). , 1988b, 1990). Inasmuch as infection through soil substrate is concerned, the prime source of infection is contaminated soil where new planting is done. The inoculum can survive in the soil for up to 19 months in the absence of a host plant (Kueh and Khew, 1982).