By Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz
Unpacks the twenty-one commonest myths and misconceptions approximately local Americans
In this enlightening ebook, students and activists Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz and Dina Gilio-Whitaker take on quite a lot of myths approximately local American tradition and background that experience misinformed generations. Tracing how those principles advanced, and drawing from heritage, the authors disrupt long-held and enduring myths such as:
“Columbus found America”
“Thanksgiving Proves the Indians Welcomed Pilgrims”
“Indians have been Savage and Warlike”
“Europeans introduced Civilization to Backward Indians”
“The usa didn't have a coverage of Genocide”
“Sports Mascots Honor local Americans”
“Most Indians Are on govt Welfare”
“Indian Casinos cause them to All Rich”
“Indians Are evidently Predisposed to Alcohol”
Each bankruptcy deftly indicates how those myths are rooted within the fears and prejudice of eu settlers and within the greater political agendas of a settler country geared toward buying Indigenous land and tied to narratives of erasure and disappearance. Accessibly written and revelatory, “All the true Indians Died Off” demanding situations readers to reconsider what they've been taught approximately local american citizens and historical past.
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Additional resources for "All the Real Indians Died Off": And 20 Other Myths About Native Americans
By the year 1515, there were perhaps fifty thousand Indians left. By 1550, there were five hundred. ”7 Indigenous peoples perished by the millions in the first century of European contact throughout the Caribbean and the rest of the Americas, from diseases brought by the Europeans, all stemming from Columbus’s initial voyage. In many cases entire nations were extinguished. Indigenous population density in pre-contact North and South America has been a hotly debated topic among scholars for decades.
Theories that constructed Indigenous peoples as genetically inferior to white Europeans (what has become known as “scientific racism,” explored in more detail in myth 7) competed with ideas about Indians as genetic descendants of Europeans or even the supposed Lost Tribe of Israel, leading eventually to the land bridge theory. But then in the nineteenth century as the fields of paleoanthropology and archaeology evolved and began acknowledging human antiquity far beyond a few thousand years, they too were subjected to ideological tyranny—this time, however, coming from previous generations of scientists who were unwilling to accept new evidence that would challenge their ideas about a singular human migration over a hypothetical land bridge within the previous five thousand years.
As the predominant myth, it is informed by the past and reaches into the present and future to continue challenging ideas about who American Indians are on a cultural level, which has ramifications at the legal level in determination of who is an Indian and who is not. It is a fully exclusionary project that limits “Native” as a category of racial and political identity. This is why deconstructing myths about American Indians is so important. At their core, the debates about Indianness are debates about authenticity.