By R. Hendrick
This booklet relies largely on fieldwork that I performed in Brittany and Wales in 1983 and 1985. i'm grateful for a Fulbright Award for examine in Western Europe and a college improvement Award from the collage of North Carolina that funded that fieldwork. lowe a much less tangible, yet no much less genuine, debt to Steve Anderson, G. M. Awbery, Steve Harlow and Jim McCloskey whose paintings at first sparked my curiosity, and led me to adopt this venture. i would like to thank Joe Emonds and Alec Marantz who learn parts of bankruptcy three and five. i'm really thankful although to Kathleen Flanagan, Frank Heny and nameless referees who learn a dyslexic and schizophrenic manuscript, supplying me with criticisms that more desirable this ultimate model significantly. The Welsh nationalist group in Aberstwyth and its Breton coun terpart in Quimper helped make the time I spent in Wales and Brittany efficient. i'm indebted to Thomas Davies, Partick Favreau, Lukian Kergoat, Sue Rhys, John Williams and Beatrice between others for sharing their wisdom in their languages with me. Catrin Davies and Martial Menard have been specifically sufferer and valuable. with out their tips this paintings may were infinitely poorer. i'm hopeful that this e-book may also help stimulate extra curiosity within the Celtic languages and tradition, and support, even in a small manner, these in Wales and Brittany who fight to maintain their language and tradition strong.
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Extra resources for Anaphora in Celtic and Universal Grammar
Instead the presence of a lexical subject is grammatical only with the absence of agreement, as can be seen in (7a) and (8b). Breton, like its Celtic relatives, also has a set of 'conjugated' prepositions, prepositions like those in (9) which are inflected to agree in person, number and gender with their objects. (9) ac'hanon ac'hanout anezhan anezhi ac'hanomp ac'hanoc'h anezho of me of you of him of her of us of you of them 30 CHAPTER 2 Such prepositions are inflected only with a null object. If a lexical noun or pronoun is present, these prepositions must be uninflected as in (10)(11).
The problem that (45a) poses is why the preposition can be inflected when it is stranded, yet, when it appears adjacent to the Wh-phrase, it must remain uninflected. From the perspective of the treatment of agreement in Section 2, the data in (45) is not surprizing. When the preposition has an expressed NP as its object, as in (45b), the overt agreement can be avoided, and hence must be. When the preposition has a trace as in its object position, as in (45a), the overt agreement cannot be avoided because it is required to serve as the antecedent governor of the trace.
Van Riemsdijk and Williams (1981) offer an alternative characterization of scope consistent with their somewhat different view of the organization of the grammar (see note 5). 7 The 'Standard Theory' denotes the model of grammar outlined in Chomsky (1965) in which there is a lexicon and a set of categorial rules deriving the level of deep structure which, in turn, is the input to the transformation component and the semantic component. EST models are those in which there is still a level of deep structure where lexical insertion is done but which allows surface structure to also be an input to the semantic component.