By Pamela Innes, Linda Alexander, Bertha Tilkens
Starting Creek presents a uncomplicated advent to the language and tradition of the Mvskoke-speaking peoples, Muskogee (Creek) and Seminole Indians. Written by means of linguistic anthropologist Pamela Innes and local audio system Linda Alexander and Bertha Tilkens, the textual content is out there to common readers and scholars and is followed through compact discs.The quantity starts off with an advent to Creek historical past and language, after which each one bankruptcy introduces readers to a brand new grammatical characteristic, vocabulary set, and sequence of conversational sentences. Translation workouts from English to Mvskoke and Mvskoke to English make stronger new phrases and ideas. The chapters finish with short essays via Linda Alexander and Bertha Tilkens on Creek tradition and heritage and recommendations for additional reading.The audio CDs current examples of ceremonial speech, songs, and storytelling and comprise pronunciations of Mvskoke language keyed to routines and vocabulary lists within the ebook. the combo of recorded and written fabric supplies scholars an opportunity to benefit and perform Mvskoke as an oral and written language.Although Mvskoke audio system comprise the Muskogee (Creek) and Seminole countries of Oklahoma, the Poarche Band of Creek Indians in Alabama, and a few Florida Seminoles, the variety of local audio system of Mvskoke has declined. as the authors think that language and tradition are inextricably associated, they've got mixed their years of expertise talking and educating Mvskoke to layout an introductory textbook to assist Creek audio system protect their conventional language and lifestyle.
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Additional info for Beginning Creek: Mvskoke Emponvkv
1. This graphic shows that certain languages within the family are more closely related to each other than they are to the other members of the family. Choctaw and Chickasaw, Alabama and Koasati, Mikasuki and Hitchiti, and Mvskoke and Seminole are each more closely related to the other language in the pair than they are to the other languages in the family. Each pair belongs to a common branch descending from the parent language, ProtoMuskogean. Because these languages are connected, you will find that many of the sounds, some of the grammatical rules, and some of the vocabulary of one of them sounds similar to the sounds, rules, and words of one or more of the other, related languages.
Mvskoke Emponvkv 39 DECLARATIVE SUFFIX The final piece of information about the verbs you will work with at this point has to do with the declarative suffix, -(e)s. The declarative suffix tells a listener or reader that the sentence is a statement and is not asking a question or giving an order. This does not necessarily mean that the statement is true, just that the speaker or writer is making a statement. In each of the following examples, the abbreviation “dec” marks the position of the declarative suffix.
Woman: Thank you. Man: Are you thirsty? Woman: Yes, I’m thirsty. Man: Are you hungry? Woman: No, I’m not hungry. 42 Beginning Creek Exercises EXERCISE 1 Create ten original sentences with a subject and a verb, using the vocabularies from chapters 1–3. Read your sentences out loud to a partner. As your partner reads his or her sentences to you, translate each sentence. EXERCISE 2 Create ten original sentences with a subject, an object, and a verb, using the vocabularies from chapters 1–3. Read your sentences out loud to a partner.