By Andrew M. Riggsby
Someone who has even a passing acquaintance with Latin is aware "Gallia est omnis divisa in partes tres" ("All Gaul is split into 3 parts"), the outlet line of "De Bello Gallico", Julius Caesar's well-known statement on his campaigns opposed to the Gauls within the 50s BC. yet what did Caesar intend to complete by means of writing and publishing his commentaries, how did he pass approximately it, and what very likely unexpected effects did his writing have? those are the questions that Andrew Riggsby pursues during this clean interpretation of 1 of the masterworks of Latin prose. Riggsby makes use of modern literary the right way to research the ancient effect that the commentaries had at the Roman interpreting public. within the first a part of his research, Riggsby considers how Caesar outlined Roman identification and its courting to non-Roman others. He indicates how Caesar opens up a potential imaginative and prescient of the political destiny during which the excellence among Roman and non-Roman turns into less significant as a result of their joint submission to a Caesar-like chief. within the moment half, Riggsby analyzes Caesar's political self-fashioning and the capability results of his writing and publishing the Gallic conflict. He unearths how Caesar offers himself as a subtly new form of Roman basic who merits credits not just for his personal virtues, yet for these of his infantrymen besides. Riggsby makes use of case experiences of key issues (spatial illustration, ethnography, virtus and know-how, style, and the simply war), augmented by means of extra man made discussions that usher in proof from different Roman and Greek texts, to provide a wide photo of the subjects of nationwide identification and Caesar's self-presentation.
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Additional resources for Caesar in Gaul and Rome: War in Words
Why has this come about? ” It is important to note that this motivation is advanced at the beginning. In succeeding sections, Cicero criticizes a number of exactions that Piso demanded of his subjects. In principle, this might be seen as an argument about policy, but given the opening of the attack, they are better read as examples of greed. Similarly, Piso’s corrupt administration of justice is eventually seen to be aimed at profit (§7). Finally, we should recall what Cicero claimed was Piso’s greatest shame: that “very noble virgins cast themselves into pits and escaped inescapable violation only by suicide” (§6).
There is a basic contrast between two types of illustrations in the manuscripts. , composed of abstract geometrical features), and the other is pictorial. The former is stylistically similar to that of the formae produced by actual surveying, and appears to be a relatively early form of illustration (88aT, fig. 47 The latter is more reminiscent of traditions of landscape painting, and seems to be a later type. “Early” and “late” refer here both to the widely spread dates of composition of the individual treatises and, to some degree, to the dates of successive generations of copies of all the texts.
6 This is “the ideal place of a synthetic vision of the most vast regions. ” From a modern point of view, they would be quite unhelpful for almost any practical purpose—partly because of some geographical errors, but primarily because of their marked vagueness. ” “[Caesar] conceived of strategic space directly before himself, essentially along a line of sight, in the sense of a movement which carries the army from one point to another. . One sees . . ” 7 Rambaud’s essay raises a number of questions, both theoretical and empirical, about cognition and representation of space, which I hope to treat in another context.