By Ornit Shani
Belligerent Hindu nationalism, observed by means of ordinary communal violence among Hindus and Muslims, has develop into a compelling strength in Indian politics during the last twenty years. Ornit Shani's e-book examines the increase of Hindu nationalism, asking why certain teams of Hindus, deeply divided by way of caste, mobilised at the foundation of unitary Hindu nationalism, and why the Hindu nationalist rhetoric concerning the possibility of the impoverished Muslim minority used to be so persuasive to the Hindu majority. utilizing proof from communal violence in Gujarat, Shani argues that the expansion of communalism used to be now not easily because of the Hindu-Muslim antagonisms, yet used to be pushed by means of intensifying tensions between Hindus, nurtured by way of alterations within the kin among castes and linked country guidelines. those, in flip, have been usually displaced onto Muslims, therefore permitting caste conflicts to boost and deepen communal rivalries. The booklet bargains a problem to prior scholarship at the upward push of communalism, on the way to be welcomed by means of scholars and execs.
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Additional info for Communalism, Caste and Hindu Nationalism: The Violence in Gujarat
The chapter, therefore, indicates the processes by which state power is exercised, and how it is appropriated and re-appropriated in relation to groups in the society. Chapter 2 focuses on the reservations policy, which became a major source of caste conflicts in the 1980s. It explicates how in the designation and discourse of reservations, policy makers and the judiciary intricately created a link between redistributive policies on the basis of caste and class, and communalism. The chapter also discusses the political context in which caste conflicts grew in the 1980s, driven by changes in the Hindu caste regime.
229–30. Hasan, Legacy of a Divided Nation, p. 288; Gillion, Ahmedabad, p. 89. Reports of the Collector of Ahmedabad, 1854, suggest that Muslims had generally experienced economic decline since the imposition of British rule. D. thesis, Cambridge University, 1997, p. 48. Also see Gillion, Ahmedabad, pp. 54, 71, 89–90. See B. K. Roy Burman, ‘Social Profile’, Seminar, 125, 1969, pp. 33–8. Achyut Yagnik and Suchitra Sheth, The Shaping of Modern Gujarat: Plurality, Hindutva and Beyond, New Delhi: Penguin Books, 2005, p.
208–35; Migdal, State in Society: Studying How States and Societies Transform and Constitute One Another, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. Migdal, State in Society, p. 22. 18 Introduction policies on the changes in the interrelations between and among castes. The first chapter describes the demographic, social and economic processes in the urban context. In particular, it examines the city’s growth, housing developments and policies and processes of de-industrialisation. The way the city had developed played a role in the shaping of group identities and relations.