By Barry Godfrey, Clive Emsley, Graeme Dunstall, Martin Wiener
This ebook goals to either mirror and take ahead present considering on comparative and cross-national and cross-cultural features of the historical past of crime. Its content material is wide-ranging: a few chapters talk about the worth of comparative ways in helping figuring out of comparative historical past, and delivering learn instructions for the long run; others handle substantial matters and issues that may be of curiosity to these with pursuits in either background and criminology. total the booklet goals to increase the point of interest of the historic context of crime and policing to take fuller account of cross-national and cross-cultural elements.
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Extra resources for Comparative histories of crime
The most trenchant and widely cited evolutionary arguments on human violence come from Martin Daly and Margot Wilson. They view homicide through the lens of evolutionary adaptation, concluding, for instance, that much male-on-male violence has its source in status striving that serves the interests of reproduction (Daly and Wilson, 1988: 163–86; Daly and Wilson, 1994: 268–9). Child abuse and infanticide are positively correlated with step-parenthood, not as adaptive behaviours, but rather due to a relative degree of decreased effort by nongenetic parents in the care of their young (Daly and Wilson, 1988: 83–93; Daly and Wilson, 1994: 270–1).
The Ideal Society and Its Enemies. The Foundations of Modern New Zealand Society 1850–1900. Auckland: Auckland University Press, 1989. Fairburn, M. Social History: Problems, Strategies and Methods. London: Macmillan, 1999. Fairburn, M. and Haslett, S. ‘Violent crime in old and new societies – a case Study Based on New Zealand 1853–1940’, Journal of Social History, 20, 1986, pp. 89–126. Fitzpatrick, P. ‘Laws of the postcolonial: an insistent introduction’, in DarianSmith, E. ), Laws of the Postcolonial.
Potentially, penal institutions and penal policies make some of the easiest topics for comparison. Moreover, given the popularity of Michel Foucault’s Discipline and Punish (1975), it is surprising that rather more monograph comparisons have not been attempted. Comparative work has been mainly confined to collected essays. The Oxford History of the Prison (Morris and Rothman, 1995) is slanted towards England and the United States, while The Emergence of Carceral Institutions, edited by Spierenburg in 1984, looks specifically at continental Europe, is very much shorter and ten years older.