By Michael Hechter
Nationalism has turn into the main common resource of political clash and violence on the planet at the present time. Scholarship has supplied scant suggestions for holding the darkish aspect of nationalism--its generally publicized excesses of violence, comparable to ethnic detoxification and genocide. in line with primary theoretical principles concerning the formation and team spirit of teams, Containing Nationalism deals a groundbreaking unified rationalization of the dynamics of nationalism around the large sweep of heritage and geography. Michael Hechter argues that the impetus for the commonest form of nationalism arises from the imposition of direct rule in culturally heterogeneous societies--stimulating nationwide identification, decreasing the assets of neighborhood elites, motivating the mobilization of nationalist competition to relevant specialists, and finally heightening the call for for sovereignty. Hechter means that political associations that reintroduce oblique rule provide the leaders of contemporary international locations the easiest to be had technique of containing nationalist violence inside of their borders.
"An dependent and sweeping account of recent nationalism."--Foreign Affairs, September/October, 2000
"Containing Nationalism is a journey de strength ... an highbrow treat."--American magazine of Sociology, November 2000
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Extra resources for Containing Nationalism
Situation I: Here there can be no nationalism because, despite the fact that the territory may be only a small part of a larger empire, the boundaries of the nation and the governance unit are congruent. This attenuates the demand for national selfdetermination, if not rendering it superfluous. Situation II: This is unstable. By definition, culturally mixed groups cannot have traditional authorities. 20 If the territory is divided between two cultural groups, then either one will be governed by a traditional ruler (as in Situation I), and the other by a non-traditional one (as in Situation III), or both will be governed by a non-traditional ruler.
Visibility in the production and consumption of joint goods is one such condition. If the joint good is to be kept out of the hands of non-contributors, its production and distribution must be highly visible—otherwise, neither free riding (a production problem) nor overconsumption of the good (a distribution problem) can be precluded. Production visibility is at a maximum when individual effort can be well-measured by output assessment. Distribution visibility, however, is at a maximum when individuals must draw measurable shares of the joint good publicly from some central repository.
For example, nationalism Causes of Nationalism 31 will have less appeal to the members of privileged groups in states with little redistribution; such regimes will be regarded as guarantors of their privilege. Thus Southern slaveholders were among the most steadfast supporters of the Confederacy. By the same token, the loyalty of privileged groups in states with extensive redistribution cannot be taken for granted. The secessionist Lega Nord of Italy argues that the taxes of rich northerners should not be diverted to the impoverished Mezzogiorno.