By Claudio A. Fuentes
This paintings analyzes the interactions and foreign connections of the "civil rights" and "pro-order" coalitions of country and societal actors within the nations. the writer demonstrates that during democratizing contexts, holding voters from police abuse and turns into a part of a debate approximately how you can take care of problems with public safeguard and social keep an eye on and of perceived trade-offs among liberty and protection.
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Extra resources for Contesting the Iron Fist: Advocacy Networks and Police Violence in Democratic Argentina and Chile (Latin American Studies-Social Sciences & Law)
The ability to obtain resources is also endogenous and focuses on technical expertise and the presence of “development and research” areas within the organizations, among other elements. FROM INITIAL CONDITIONS TO COMPETING COALITIONS The political opportunity structure and resource mobilization define certain necessary conditions for social groups’ success. If faced with police violence, we should expect a more successful outcome for the protection of individual rights in a country in which the transition was by reform, a system in which the balance of power favors leftist sectors, in which the media is pluralist, in which few veto points exist, and in which police corporateness is low.
However, since the pro-order coalition is supporting the status quo, their access to veto powers is more important. Other strategy available to both coalitions is the establishment of alliances with key “professionals” or “experts” to advance their agenda. Technical experts are relevant because they ultimate translate an idea into a specific proposal. Another option is the use of illegal strategies to achieve certain objectives. Given the fact that the police enjoy a monopoly of force and have an intelligence apparatus, they may use illegal tactics such as threats, extortion, and the threat of disruption of police services to preempt reform of the status quo.
Third, several comparative studies have shown an intense peer loyalty among officers, building a code of silence Social sciences and law 34 regarding illegal practices and misbehavior (a summary of these arguments in Waddington 1999). (iv) Available strategies favor the pro-order coalition. The pro-order coalition has also comparative advantages over the civil rights coalitions regarding the strategies they can rely on. First, both coalitions use the issue of police powers to mobilize citizens.