By Sharon Pickering
Terrorist assaults on long island and Washington, eu towns like London and Madrid, and the next assertion of the ‘war on terror’, are marks of a replaced nationwide and worldwide atmosphere within which the specter of terrorist assault and the necessity for potent counter-terrorism regulations became problems with quick political and social trouble. Police enterprises have a key position within the formation and implementation of presidency counter-terrorism options. as a result, as a part of nationwide counter-terrorism responses, police prone are more and more required to mix legislation enforcement with obligations for nationwide defence. Incorporating legislations enforcement in nationwide defence alterations the character of police paintings as commonly conceptualised. The replaced expectancies when it comes to legislation enforcement supply upward push to a couple of possibilities and demanding situations really in terms of the neighborhood policing excellent that the majority police companies adhere to and the sustainable and confident engagement with culturally diversified groups. This e-book charts those possibilities and demanding situations via unparalleled entry to the police and numerous groups in Australian local and metropolitan contexts. It locates those advancements in a global comparability with like jurisdictions within the US, united kingdom, and Canada and in mild of former conflicts in Northern eire and South Africa. It examines the character and influence of counter-terrorism on policing, varied groups, laws and coverage and at the media. The booklet concludes through posing questions for the way forward for counter-terrorism policing in liberal democracies.
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Additional resources for Counter-Terrorism Policing: Community, Cohesion and Security
Historically speaking, perceptions of exclusion and the disproportionate allocation of political rights stemming from such exclusion have sometimes proven to be important catalysts for the spread of attitudes upon which violent oppositional ideologies can feed. In other words, the spread of ‘bifurcated democratic spaces’ carries significant risks in that it can enable the accelerated spread of terrorist networks (Wyndham 2003). Taking this experience and evidence into account it is clear that the idea that increasing or maximising security requires the sacrifice of human rights is exposed as a false dichotomy.
The general findings of all of these studies have also been reinforced more recently by research at Monash University which leaves little doubt about the importance of utilising cultural and religious diversity as powerful community-based tools in counter-terrorism policing (Bouma et al 2007; Halafoff 2006). This research indicates that maintaining a community-policing focus is vital not only in preserving and strengthening the harmonious and peaceful relations among Victoria’s diverse ethnic and religious communities, but also for ensuring the most effective law enforcement environment in which to minimise and manage the terrorism threat.
Notable exceptions include: Terrorism in Algeria: the role of the community in combating terrorism (Botha 2006); Terror, Counter-terror: Women Speak Out (Joseph & Sharma 2003); and Religion, Cultural Diversity and Safeguarding Australia (Cahill 2004). The general findings of all of these studies have also been reinforced more recently by research at Monash University which leaves little doubt about the importance of utilising cultural and religious diversity as powerful community-based tools in counter-terrorism policing (Bouma et al 2007; Halafoff 2006).