By Tim Heaton, Tony Lawson
This article bargains a dependent and balanced survey of advancements within the sociology of crime and deviance. It integrates research of key reports and theoretical debates with quite a few actions designed to assist scholars boost their sociological realizing and abilities. suggestion is additionally given on find out how to process exam questions.
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For twelve years Robert Blecker, a felony legislations professor, wandered freely within Lorton vital felony, armed basically with cigarettes and a tape recorder. The loss of life of Punishment assessments criminal philosophy opposed to the truth and knowledge of highway criminals and their guards. a few killers' poignant conditions may still lead us to mercy; others express truly why they need to die.
Restorative justice is likely one of the such a lot mentioned issues within the box of legal justice, more and more emphasised on the subject of younger offenders. Many see it additionally as a paradigm shift in legal justice, clear of dominant punitive and healing paradigms, emphasizing as an alternative the reintegration of offenders and strength offenders into their groups.
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Additional info for Crime and Deviance
Selective law enforcement Box (1981) argues that the police operate in such a way that they are more likely to concentrate on offenders from the least powerful sections of society. However Box does not see police bias as a crude conspiracy against disadvantaged groups. Rather he sees it as a product of the occupational constraints under which the police work, for example their ideological views about crime and criminals, and their concern about invading privacy and damaging career prospects (see Box, 1981).
Describe the ways in which the fear of crime varies according to social characteristics (Item N). 2. With reference to Items M and N, identify a direct and indirect relationship between people's fear of crime and their actual experience of it. 3. Item N identifies various patterns with regard to people's fear of crime. Give one reason why it is important to measure people's worries and anxieties about crime. Crime Statistics 39 ITEM 0 Explaining patterns of fear of crime Hough's (1995) recent analysis of the 1994 BCS results showed what factors best explain who is most anxious about crime, using multivariate analysis.
1J [1J 2. Which age group is most at risk of contact crimes (Item M)? 3. Describe how the risk of burglary varies according to the disposable income of households (Item M). 4. Item M shows that the risk of car-related thefts is lower for those who live in detached and semi-detached houses. Give one reason for this lower risk. 5. What do sociologists mean by 'repeat victimisation'? 6. Briefly describe the ways in which crime may have a practical and emotional impact on victims. 7. Identify two relevant agencies and explain how they help to support the victims of crime.