By William Spelman
There is not anything uglier than a catfish. With its scaleless, eel-like physique, flat, semicircular head, and cartilaginous whiskers, it appears to be like nearly totally not like a cat. The toothless, slow beasts are available at the backside of hot streams and lakes, dwelling on scum and detritus. any such vitamin is more healthy than it sounds: divers within the Ohio River on a regular basis file sighting catfish the dimensions of small whales, and cats within the Mekong River in Southeast Asia frequently weigh approximately seven hundred kilos. gruesome or now not, the catfish is nice to consume. Deep-fried catfish is a Southern staple; extra formidable recipes upload Parmesan cheese, bacon drippings and papri ka, or Amontillado. Catfish is additionally best for you. One pound of channel catfish offers approximately the entire protein yet in basic terms part the energy and fats of one pound of stable white albacore tuna. Catfish is a very sturdy resource of alpha tocopherol and B supplements. simply because they're either nutritious and engaging, cats are America's greatest aquaculture product.
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Extra resources for Criminal Incapacitation
Because offenders provided similar information in Rand 1 as in Rand 2, offense rates, arrest probabilities, and career lengths are readily available in the same form as that used in weighting Rand 1. Unfortunately, neither Michigan nor Texas keeps records as complete as California's; thus less reliable information is available about incarceration probabilities and sentences served in these two states. Nevertheless, there are good reasons to believe that an incoming cohort is substantially different from the population of active offenders and that weighting the sample will have a substantial effect on the results.
4 compares the distribution of adult career lengths for the two samples. Close inspection of these graphs reveals two important benefits of the sample weights used here. First, note that virtually every part of the distribution changed when the 20 .... I I I ! : ! 15 T I I I I ' I' U) E 0> ·a; 3: Cl> Q. 2. The distribution of sample weights is slightly upwardly skewed. 3. Effects of weighting on distribution of offense rates (logarithmic scale). sample was weighted. Some of the changes were very large: in California, for example, the median member of an incoming cohort committed some 33 index crimes per year, whereas the median active offender committed slightly more than half as many.
Some will leave jail or prison before the year is out; some will be rearrested and incarcerated again within a few months. So an offender may be a member of an incoming cohort two or more times. For convenience, let us count offenders only once in our sample. Either they enter incarceration in the year in question, or they do not; whatever happens after they enter jail or prison is of no consequence. This makes the algebra simpler without changing the final weights. And it is what the Rand researchers had in mind when they created the incoming cohort sample of their survey (Peterson, Chaiken, Ebener, & Honig, 1981).