By Malcolm Davies
This publication is a well-liked and finished introductory-level consultant to the companies of the legal justice approach. It presents simple information regarding many of the companies, their criminal reponsibilities and tasks, and the social and political context during which they function. The publication outlines the fundamentals of English legal legislations and defines crime and the responses to it. components lined comprise: the police, the probation carrier, prisons, the magistrates courts, the Crown Prosecution provider and the Crown courtroom. coated inside those components are: the constitution of felony Appeals, The legal situations evaluation fee, the criminal ombudsman, the parole board and the position of the house place of work
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Extra info for Criminal Justice: An Introduction To The Criminal Justice System In England And Wales
Compensates the victims of some forms of crime. In 2002, victims of violent crimes received £210 million in compensation for criminal injuries. ■ Forensic Science Service. Independent scientific support service for the investigation of crime and the evaluation of evidence. In 2003 it had a database of 2 million DNA samples. ■ HM Inspectorates. There are different inspectors who are semi-autonomous of Government who inspect and report on the work of the police, courts, probation, prison and the CPS.
Although it is extremely difficult to estimate the total number of employees in this sector some have estimated the number to be as high as 400,000. QXP 6 4/2/05 13:39 CHAPTER 1 Page 6 WHAT IS CRIMINAL JUSTICE? police. Thus the private sector plays a major and growing role in crime prevention. It is also becoming increasingly involved in other sectors of the system. In November 1991, Group 4 signed a contract to run the first private prison, the Wolds Remand Prison in Humberside: others include Blakenhurst, a local prison; Doncaster opened in 1994; Altcourse, a Category A local prison; Parc, a local male prison; Lowdham Grange, a category B prison; and Buckley Hall for category C prisoners.
Barristers are primarily court advocates whereas solicitors advise clients on a variety of matters and deal with clients prior to trial. The majority of advocacy in the Crown Court is done by barristers and the higher courts have only recently been open to solicitors as advocates. Both solicitors and barristers have the right to appear and represent clients (that is they have rights of audience) in the magistrates’ court, where much of the work is undertaken by solicitors. A member of the public cannot directly seek advice from a barrister without first instructing a solicitor.