By Yvonne Jewkes, Gayle Letherby
This reader offers a entire creation for college students learning criminology at undergraduate point. not just does the ebook comprise 34 crucial readings, but additionally editorial statement with part introductions, examine questions, and recommendations for extra interpreting. The reader will supply a radical grounding in concerns with regards to the learn of crime, the felony justice process, and social keep watch over. of their choice the editors have sought to point crime's different and conflicting historical past in addition to its present debates. the combination of historic and more moderen readings indicates quite a few views. The Reader may be an important sourcebook for college kids and academics within the fields of criminology, felony justice reports, the sociology of crime and deviance, socio- criminal reviews, social coverage, legal legislation and social paintings.
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Additional resources for Criminology: A Reader
1977) Discipline and Punish. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Giddens, A. (1984) The Constitution of Society. Cambridge: Polity Press. Goring, C. (1913) The English Convict. London: HMSO. Kretschmer, E. (1926) Physique and Character. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. K. (1938) Social structure and anomie. American Sociological Review 3: 672–82. K. (1968) Social Theory and Social Structure. New York: Free Press. , McLaughlin, E. and Langan, M. (eds) (1996) Criminological Perspectives: A Reader. London: Sage.
Strain Theory Strain theory emanates primarily from the work of Robert Merton (1938, 1968). His theoretical work was concerned more with the way in which the tensions between the legitimate and illegitimate means of acceding to the norms and values of a particular society resulted in deviant (rather than just criminal) behaviour. The influence of these ideas on criminology have been profound. Merton’s ideas can be situated within the theoretical tradition of functionalism. Largely informed by the work of Émile Durkheim and Talcott Parsons, functionalism views society rather like a finely tuned biological organism.
This, of course, is true. Yet it might be worthwhile to refer to such behavior as rule-breaking behavior and reserve the term deviant for those labeled as deviant by some segment of society. I do not insist that this usage be followed. qxd 5/2/02 4:40 PM Page 39 definitions of deviance study only those who have been labeled deviant, he will be hampered by the disparities between the two categories. If we take as the object of our attention behavior which comes to be labeled as deviant, we must recognize that we cannot know whether a given act will be categorized as deviant until the response of others has occurred.