By J. E. Fischer M.D. (auth.), J. M. Greep, Peter B. Soeters, R. I. C. Wesdorp, C. W. R. Phaf, Josef E. Fischer M.D. (eds.)
J. E. Fischer, M.D. Professor Greep, girls and gents. it's a nice excitement for me and the contributors to be current at this overseas assembly of Parenteral Nutri tion. This assembly should not have been attainable 5 years in the past. at the moment we have been nonetheless arguing approximately imperative vs. peripheral routes, efficacy of the tech nique, and nonetheless getting conversant in our skill to aid sufferers nutri tionally. in the final 5 years those discussions, which look virtually futile on reflection, were set aside. either strategies, we all know how, paintings fairly good and feature their very own symptoms. Having develop into happy with the procedure, it's now time to go into the second one part of parenteral foodstuff, and that's the differentiation of the method for the advantage of diversified sufferers. Over the following days we are going to be discussing numerous difficulties which this present day are crucial to the full topic of parenteral meals. Is a fats calorie similar to a carbo hydrate calorie? what's the impact on protein metabolism of the fats calorie instead of the carbohydrate calorie? Are they similar? Are'there events during which one is greater to the opposite? probably we'll discover the next day to come within the panel.
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Extra resources for Current Concepts in Parenteral Nutrition
In current practice with everchanging circumstances and conditions it is impossible to make a distinction between theoretically indispensable, in practice necessary, required or useful components. Several criteria and parameters have been used to try to establish an optimal amino acid pattern for parenteral use (see table 5). As a means of comparison and as raw material for preparations, (several) natural products known to be useful in oral feeding are often used. As such we find among others casein, chicken egg, potato protein-chicken egg mixtures and human milk.
Verh. dt Ges. inn. Med. 79: 914·917 (1973). 23. Dolif, D. , Die Bedeutung der nicht essentiellen Aminosauren bei der parenteralen Ernahrung. In: Berg, G. ), Advances in Parenteral Nutrition, Pro· ceedings of the Symposium of the International Society of Parenteral Nutrition, Prague, 1969. Stuttgart (Thieme Verlag). 24. Dolif, D. , Requirement and utilization of Amino·acids. In: Ahnefeld, F. , et a!. ), Parenteral Nutrition, Klinische Anaesthesiologie und In· tensivtherapie, Band 7, (English edition), New York, 1976, pp.
In: Ritzel, G. and Brubacher, G. ), Monosaccharides and Polyalcohols in Nutrition, Therapy and Dietetics, Vienna, 1976, pp. 228·233. 26. Dudrick, S. , MacFadyen, B. , Parenteral hyperalimentation. Metabolic problems and solutions. Ann. 176: 259·264 (1972). 27. Dudrick, S. J. and Rhoads, J. , New Horizons for intravenous feeding. A. 215: 939·949 (1973). 28. , Zur Verwertung von Fettemulsionen in der parenteralen Ernahrung des Menschen, Injusionstherapie 1: 521·529 (1973/74). 29. , Grundlagen fUr die Verwendung der drei Zuckeraustauschstoffen Fruc· tose, Sorbit und Xylit.