By Anna Geis
Regardless of the present rhetoric of Western leaders, democracies are nice and widespread war-makers and interventionists. This truth stands in a wierd distinction to the liberal self-image of democracies being quite peaceable. Addressing this distinction, the booklet turns the 'democratic peace' subject matter on its head: instead of investigating the explanations for the intended pacifism of democracies, it seems to be for the factors in their militancy. as a way to clear up this puzzle, the authors go beyond the disciplinary barriers of diplomacy and draw on political concept, political philosophy and sociology.
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Additional info for Democratic Wars: Looking at the Dark Side of Democratic Peace
Lake, 1992; Bueno de Mesquita and Siverson, 1995; Siverson, 1995; Gartzke, 1998; Bennett and Stam, 1998). In a recent empirical study, Reiter and Stam (2002, Ch. 15 On the basis of the data used here, this finding is somewhat less strong for the latter half of the twentieth century. Democracies prevail in roughly 60 per cent of their interstate wars (8 out of 13). However, even though democracies win their wars slightly more frequently than other regime types, war tends to be an ever less promising means of foreign policy (cf.
In purely institutionalist explanations it is not preferences that distinguish democracies from non-democracies, but the institutional features of democracy (elections, transparency, open debate) that shape policies such that the occurrence of war and militarized disputes is reduced generally (in monadic accounts), or foreclosed if these institutional features are shared (in dyadic accounts). 1). To be sure, there are few accounts of the democratic peace phenomena that fit perfectly into these categories.
If fighting within a state occurs in distinct regions and between different rebel groups, multiple wars are coded. 8. From an annual perspective, a conflict can move from one type to another over time given substantial changes in the structural conditions of statehood and in the constellation of actors (for example, the war in Tajikistan is coded as intrastate between 1992 and 1994 and substate in 1995). The selected criteria are obviously related to those stated by Doyle and Sambanis (2000), Fearon and Laitin (2003) and Fearon (2004).