By Michael A. Innes
The conflict on terror's emphasis on denying sanctuary and secure havens to terrorists has positioned a top class on actual territory, from mountain caves and frontier hideouts to the bordered global of recent states. Denial of Sanctuary highlights the bounds of traditional pondering at the topic, and indicates new ways to realizing this advanced and misunderstood characteristic of recent conflict.Critics of the battle on terror have pointed to the futility of waging conflict on a tactic. Its emphasis on denying sanctuary and secure havens to terrorists, rooted basically in conventional counterinsurgency idea and poorly conceptualized coverage statements, has positioned a top class on actual territory, from mountain caves and frontier hideouts to the bordered international of recent states. to completely comprehend sanctuaries is to discover the issues and pitfalls of waging battle on locations—exposing the key lives of a number of hidden worlds, full of extremists, criminals, squaddies, and spies, with the pious and the profane, with hazards that lie lower than the outside and within the margins. As this quantity makes abundantly transparent, any such murky underground is much extra complicated and sundry than the traditional knowledge suggests.Terrorists have hidden in simple sight in glossy towns, used complicated communications know-how to construct digital refuges, crafted militant enclaves out of the disarray of failed states, flocked to noticeably hazardous rebel battlespaces, and customarily challenged the protecting limits of legislation, citizenship, and kingdom. Denial of Sanctuary brings jointly best specialists within the box to extend the controversy; to discover the roots, explanations and outcomes of the matter; and to elucidate our figuring out of sanctuary in terrorist notion and perform.
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Extra info for Denial of Sanctuary: Understanding Terrorist Safe Havens
In order to justify such actions, geopolitical rhetoric, both from policymakers and the image makers in the media, is heavy with labeling territories and their peoples in a binary of civilized and uncivilized. However, there is one key difference: the adversary is not a territorial state. e. access to resources) or jockeying for primacy. The threat is the vague yet ubiquitous existence of “terror” that is practiced by terrorist groups and manifest in isolated and seemingly random attacks. Rather than a geopolitics of states versus states, the conflict is states versus terrorist networks.
The threat is the vague yet ubiquitous existence of “terror” that is practiced by terrorist groups and manifest in isolated and seemingly random attacks. Rather than a geopolitics of states versus states, the conflict is states versus terrorist networks. It is because of the difficulties that such a conflict brings to states that the concept of terrorist sanctuary has become so vital: it has enabled an aterritorial conflict to become reterritorialized. The implications are however, counterproductive for the pursuit of security will be elusive as long as terrorist sanctuary is defined in terms that demand territorial representations that do not reflect the reality of terrorist organization.
From a discourse analytic perspective, it can further be argued that the “terrorist sanctuaries” discourse often functions to promote a set of partisan political projects. For example, the discourse describes an almost infinite number of potential “terrorist sanctuaries” or “havens,” including: all failed, weak, or poor states; the widely accepted list of state sponsors of terrorism; a much longer list of passive state sponsors of terrorism; states with significant Muslim populations; Islamic charities and NGOs; informal, unregulated banking and economic systems; the media; the Internet; diasporas in Western countries; groups and regions characterized by poverty and unemployment; the criminal world; radical Islamist organizations; mosques and Islamic schools; insurgent and revolutionary movements; and “extremist” ideologies—among others.