By Carsten Anckar
Determinants of the demise Penalty seeks to give an explanation for the phenomenon of capital punishment - with out recourse to price decisions - by way of selecting these features universal to nations that use the dying penalty and people who mark nations which don't. This worldwide learn makes use of statistical research to narrate the recognition of the demise penalty to actual, cultural, social, most economical, institutional, actor orientated and ancient elements. Separate reports are performed for democracies and non-democracies and inside of 4 neighborhood contexts. The publication additionally includes an in-depth research into determinants of the loss of life penalty within the united states.
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Extra resources for Determinants of the Death Penalty: A Comparative Study of the World (Routledge Research in Comparative Politics)
One important dividing line immediately calls on our attention, namely the one between Muslim countries and Christian countries. One noteworthy difference between Christianity and Islam lies in the concept of Umma, the Muslim society. Islam is all-encompassing; rules for social, economic, cultural, political and religious organizations are laid out, and virtually every aspect of life is regulated by the Sharia. In contrast, Christianity does not aspire to encompass every aspect of life. The Kingdom of God cannot be established or maintained by political means, and Jesus Christ was accordingly never considered a political leader (Kateregga and Shenk 1983: 82).
The individual should strive for moral and spiritual improvement by following the Noble Eightfold Path. Buddhism appears to take a negative stand to the death penalty. A cornerstone in Buddhism is the panca-sila, or the ﬁve precepts. The ﬁrst of these is the training rule of abstaining from taking life (Horigan 1996: 275), which effectively seems to ban all form of executions. Other rules against the use of the death penalty are found in the Dharmapada, a collection of aphorisms. In Chapter 10 we learn that “[e]veryone fears punishment; everyone fears death, just as you do.
The ﬁrst countries to abolish the death penalty were generally situated on the American continent, more speciﬁcally in South America. The ﬁrst country to abolish the death penalty for all crimes was Venezuela in 1863. Costa Rica abolished the death penalty for all crimes in 1877 and, by the year 1910, Ecuador, Uruguay, and Colombia had followed the example. By that time, however, the abolitionist wave in Latin America was over. Not until 1956 did the next country in the region, Honduras, abolish the death penalty.