By Charles Muntz
In Diodorus Siculus and the area of the past due Roman Republic, Charles E. Muntz bargains a clean examine probably the most overlooked historians of the traditional global, and recovers Diodorus's originality and value as a witness to a profoundly tumultuous interval in antiquity. Muntz analyzes the 1st 3 books of Diodorus's Bibliotheke historike, probably the most different and eclectic fabric in his paintings, during which Diodorus finds during the heritage, myths, and customs of the "barbarians" the secrets and techniques of profitable states and rulers, and contributes to the debates surrounding the transition from Republic to Empire. Muntz establishes simply how associated the "barbarians" of the Bibliotheke are to the actors of the crumbling Republic, and demonstrates that in the course of the medium of the traditional Egyptians, Assyrians, Indians, and others Diodorus engages with the most important matters and highbrow disputes of his time, together with the origins of civilization, the propriety of ruler-cult, some great benefits of monarchy, and the connection among delusion and background. Diodorus has many similarities with different authors writing on those issues, together with Cicero, Lucretius, Varro, Sallust, and Livy yet, as Muntz argues, attractive with such arguable matters, even in a roundabout way, may be specifically risky for a Greek provincial reminiscent of Diodorus. certainly, for those purposes he might by no means have accomplished or absolutely released the Bibliotheke in his lifetime. via his cautious and particular investigations, Muntz demonstrates Diodorus's ancient context at its complete measurement and scope.
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Extra resources for Diodorus Siculus and the world of the late Roman republic
Book 3 covers the Ethiopians, the various peoples living around the Red Sea, and the Amazons, Atlantians (as in the inhabitants of the region around the Atlas mountains, not Plato’s island), and Libyans of Africa. As we have seen, Diodorus used a wide range of sources in composing these books. But he also brings order to this material, despite its heterogeneous nature, through a variety of techniques. For example, in Book 2 he uses a Scythian tribe, the Sacae, to link the major Asian powers. 34) describes how there was a long war between the Medes and the Sacae.
Muntz (2012) 25. 33 Organizing the World 33 Another connection within these books is the figure of Lycurgus, a Thracian king. Whereas the Sacae help connect three geographically close regions, Lycurgus helps connect several thematically similar figures, Osiris, Myrina, and Dionysus. 2). 10–11). 5). 4). These examples show how Diodorus can weave together the diverse material of these books, both geographical and thematic. But their unity is also shown by the large number of allusions to material elsewhere within these books, although Diodorus does not specifically point to other sections of the work as he does with his cross-references.
See further pp. 118–124. 19 We will consider this further in Chapter 7, but it is clear that Diodorus envisioned the first part of the Bibliotheke as two triads. Notably, Books 2 and 3 are two of only three extant books of the Bibliotheke without their own proëmia (11 is the other), which also suggests they are meant to be read together with 1. Moreover, the structure of Books 1– 3 demonstrates that Diodorus thought of them as a unit. At first glance, beyond the unifying theme of “barbarian,” they seem to have an amazingly eclectic range of material.