By Scott R. Hutson University of Kentucky
Dwelling, identification, and the Maya deals a brand new viewpoint at the old Maya that emphasizes the significance of living as a social perform. opposite to modern notions of the self as person and self sufficient, the identities of the traditional Maya grew from their daily relatives and interactions with folks, the homes and temples they outfitted, and the gadgets they created, exchanged, loved, and left in the back of. utilizing excavations of historical Chunchucmil as a case research, it investigates how Maya personhood used to be based and remodeled in and past the family sphere and examines the position of the prior within the creation of up to date Maya id.
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Extra resources for Dwelling, Identity, and the Maya: Relational Archaeology at Chunchucmil
This section also discusses social change. I begin with the question of how subjects come into being. Thus far, I have argued that subjects take their form by harmonizing with other subjects, objects, and conventions. Michel Foucault frames the discussion of subject formation in a way that highlights issues of agency and subjectivity. Foucault (1983:212) identifies a paradox in subjectivity: the same processes that subject people to a certain order also create people as subjects empowered to act through the conventions of that order.
This re- CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORKS FOR RELATIONAL SUBJECTS 37 calls other archaeological examples of accessories that extend the self, such as Treherne’s (1995) account of warriors’ armor in Bronze Age Europe. I discuss ear spools from a similar perspective in chapter 5. The metaphysical linkage between human and animal, as seen in Juan Gómez and Sebastian López’s sharing of destiny with felines, exemplifies the third salient feature of a relational model of ancient Maya personhood: personal identity is fused with other beings and social groups.
There are, of course, many theories of practice (Joyce and Lopiparo 2005; Ortner 1984). Though Bourdieu tends not to endow actors with a knowledge of how their decisions may bring about change (Ortner 1996), Giddens grants people a partial understanding of how their actions transform norms. I will draw upon many theories of practice in discussing poten- CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORKS FOR RELATIONAL SUBJECTS 31 tial sources of change. However, I will discuss one particular theory of practice—citationality—in more detail than others.