By M Miraftab, A. Richard Horrocks
A gently -chosen and edited collection of 23 papers from the Ecotextile 2004 convention held on the college of Bolton, this publication explores recycling and use of waste as uncooked fabrics in such parts as garments and carpet manufacture. It discusses sustainability and eco-desitn with papers on enhanced layout, use of sustainable fibers, and production recommendations. next chapters assessment sustainable improvement and renewables, together with composites made of fabric waste. They take on waste administration in components reminiscent of dyeing and effluent therapy. The publication closes with an overview of novel applied sciences, together with new fibers and completing recommendations.
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Additional info for Ecotextiles The way forward for sustainable development in textiles
17 C van Hemel, Ecodesign empirically explored—Design for Environment in Dutch Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, Delft University of Technology, PhD Thesis, 1998. 18 K A Keoleian and M Menerey, ‘Sustainable Development by Design: Review of Life Cycle Design and Related Approaches’, Air & Waste, 1994, 44 (May) 645–668. 19 C Ryan, ‘From EcoRedesign to Ecodesign’, Ecodesign, 1996, 4(1), 5–7. 20 E Dewberry, and P Goggin, ‘Spaceship Ecodesign’, Co-Design: the interdisciplinary journal of design and contextual studies, 1996, 05 06(01 02 03), 12–17.
Four point flexural test and cylinder compressive test were conducted. In the compressive tests, the plain concrete specimens failed in a brittle manner and shattered into pieces. In contrast, all the FRC samples after reaching the peak load could still remain as an integral piece, with fibers holding the concrete matrices tightly together. In the flexural test, it was observed that the plain concrete samples broke into two pieces once the peak load was reached, with very little energy absorption.
Pulling back in to fibre form will cost around £120-£150/tonne. The problem is that the market price for lowgrade waste is only £180-£200/tonne so the economics are not currently viable. This is one reason why an innovative venture in Liverpool, UK failed. Carpet manufacturers in the Yorkshire/Lancashire area supported a company called WRACE Technology. Despite getting their carpet waste from the manufacturers delivered nicely baled, significant financial help from government agencies and state of the art Italian re-cycling machinery, this company failed—the economics just didn’t seem to work.