By David Goodblatt
Opposite to the common view that nationalism is a latest phenomenon, Goodblatt argues that it may be present in the traditional global. He argues that thoughts of nationalism suitable with modern social clinical theories might be documented within the historical resources from the Mediterranean Rim through the center of the final millennium BCE. specifically, the collective identification asserted via the Jews in antiquity matches modern definitions of nationalism. After the theoretical dialogue within the starting bankruptcy, the writer examines a number of elements constitutive of historical Jewish nationalism. He exhibits how this identification was once socially built through such capacity because the mass dissemination of biblical literature, retention of the Hebrew language, and during the priestly caste. the writer additionally discusses all the names used to precise Jewish nationwide identification: Israel, Judah and Zion.
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63 The invocation of both genetic and cultural factors raises the question of the relative weight of each of these components. Is one of the two more important or decisive in determining membership in the collectivity? Hall maintains that he can trace a shift in the relative importance of the two factors over time, at least in some authors. Such a development is already apparent in the passage from Herodotus. Hall believes that a purely ethnic concept of Greek identity, by which he means one based solely on kinship, emerged during the sixth century.
So too, kinship, not behavior, is determinative of Jewish identity. A Jew may be a bad Jew, but he is still a Jew. Other sources that appear to focus on culture and practice do not really deny the primacy of blood. I begin with the famous report by Josephus that Mattathias Antigonos, the last Hasmonean king of Judea, called Herod a “halfJudean” (¡miioudaios). , Ancient Perceptions of Greek Ethnicity, pp. 282, 285. Cohen, Beginnings of Jewishness, pp. 105–6. AJ 14:403, Ralph Marcus in H. St. J. , Josephus, Vol.
For discussion defending the authenticity of this letter, see M. Stern, The Documents on the History of the Hasmonaean Revolt with a Commentary and Introduction (Second Edition, Corrected and Expanded; Tel Aviv: Hakibbutz Hame’uchad, 1972), pp. 52–3 [Hebrew]. The document itself in Hebrew translation and with notes appears there on pp. 60–6. The authenticity of the letter was already defended by E. Bi(c)kerman(n), “Un document relatif a` la pers´ecution ´ d’Antiochos IV Epiphane,” Revue de l’histoire des religions 115 (1937), pp.