By Bruce E. Johansen, Barry M. Pritzker
From the origins of local American cultures over the years of colonialism and non-Native growth to the current, Encyclopedia of yank Indian heritage brings the tale of local american citizens to practical no different prior reference at the topic. that includes the paintings of a number of the field's optimum students, it explores this basic and foundational element of the yankee event with striking intensity, breadth, and foreign money, conscientiously balancing the views of either local and non-Native Americans.Encyclopedia of yankee Indian historical past spans the centuries with 3 thematically geared up volumes (covering the interval from precontact via ecu colonization; the years of non-Native growth (including Indian removal); and the fashionable period of reservations, reforms, and reclamation of semi-sovereignty). every one quantity contains entries on key occasions, areas, humans, and concerns. The fourth quantity is an alphabetically prepared source supplying histories of local American countries, in addition to an intensive chronology, subject finder, bibliography, and word list. for college kids, historians, or an individual drawn to the local American event, Encyclopedia of yank Indian heritage brings that have to lifestyles in an remarkable method.
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Additional resources for Encyclopedia of American Indian History (4 volume set)
Authority was highly transient and was earned by traits such as bravery, spiritual attainment, generosity, and a sense of humor. For many Plains people, the circle was a sacred shape, symbolic of the interconnectedness of the universe. As a circular object, the pipe bowl was also associated with the sacred, and agreements concluded over a pipe of tobacco were not broken in theory or practice. The Great Mystery, Wakan Tanka, presided over an array of sacred natural beings and phenomena. Like some Native Americans in other regions, Plains people entering adolescence tended to hold vision quests in which, through the benefit of purification and self-deprivation, they received power or “medicine” that could be used for certain specific purposes.
Ed. 1982. Indian Art Traditions of the Northwest Coast. : Archaeology Press, Simon Fraser University. Champagne, Duane, ed. 1994. Chronology of Native North American History. Detroit, MI: Gale Research. Collins, June McCormick. 1974. Valley of the Spirits. Seattle: University of Washington Press. Cordell, Linda S. 1984. Prehistory of the Southwest. Boston: Academic Press. Dickason, Olive P. 1992. Canada’s First Nations: A History of Founding Peoples. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. Dobyns, Henry F.
Arctic The Arctic, 12,000 miles across from the western Aleutian Islands to Greenland, is, in its way, a land of great contrasts. During most of the year it is covered by ice and snow. In the short summer, under a sun that never sets, the tundra blooms, and water returns to its liquid form. The coastal people in the Arctic are the Inuit, while people living in the interior are considered Indians. Roughly 10,000 years ago, people in the Aleutian Islands were building oval, semisubterranean whalebone and driftwood houses covered with sod, which they entered through the roof.