By Richard Wortley, Michael Townsley
Environmental criminology is a customary label that covers a number overlapping views. on the middle, many of the strands of environmental criminology are sure by means of a standard specialize in the position that the instant setting performs within the functionality of crime, and a conviction that cautious analyses of those environmental affects are the major to the potent research, regulate and prevention of crime. Environmental Crime and Crime research brings jointly for the 1st time the major contributions to environmental criminology to comprehensively outline the sphere and synthesize the recommendations and ideas surrounding environmental criminology. The chapters are written by means of major theorists and practitioners within the box. each one bankruptcy will examine one of many twelve significant components of environmental criminology and crime research. This e-book should be crucial interpreting for either practitioners and undergraduate and postgraduate scholars taking classes during this topic.
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Additional info for Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis (Crime Science Series)
Box 1 lists various psychological and sociological background factors traditionally thought to influence the values, attitudes and personality traits that dispose people to commit crime. In terms of the rational choice perspective these factors are viewed as having more of an orienting function. On the one hand, they contribute to ongoing processes of learning and experience (Box 2) that influence the individual’s perceptions and judgements about the attractiveness and viability of criminal activity.
Curiously there seems to be no equivalent Sutton’s Law in criminology, where one might most expect to find one. Maybe, though, by responding to a question about motivation with an answer about target selection, Willie Sutton has a message for the discipline. By turning a question about motivation into an answer about criminal decision-making, the wisecrack pinpoints the disconnect between traditional criminological theory – preoccupied with the development of criminality and the supposed roots of crime – and a newer crime science, more concerned with the practical business of understanding how to prevent crime here and now.
But even beginningmiddle-and-end conceptualisations of the process are too simple to capture the dynamic unfolding of criminal events, and the detailed requirements of the crime in terms of the resources and actions needed during each of its stages. Empirical research during the 1980s and 1990s began to provide some of the necessary detail. Walsh’s (1980) study of residential burglary, for example, 28 The rational choice perspective drew attention to how offenders made use of local criminal knowledge networks when looking around for opportunities to burgle; and Rossmo’s (2000) studies of serial murder have indicated just how complex are the demands of successful offending in terms of choice of locations for different stages of the crime event.