By Clive Emsley
This publication presents the 1st critical examine the origins and improvement of the function of soldier-policemen: the gendarmeries of nineteenth-century Europe. taking a look at how the version used to be first built in France after which exported throughout Europe, Emsley argues that gendarmes performed an important position in developing the nation, relatively in rural components.
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The disorder had been prompted by a poor harvest and the desire of the new contrôleur général, Turgot, for a free market in grain. At times small brigades of the maréchaussée could do nothing to prevent the crowds which they confronted from fixing prices in markets and preventing the movement of grain. But the disorder was relatively short-lived. 1 Yet there was no serious 1 Cynthia A. : Pennsylvania State University Press, ), –, notes that % of the arrests during the Flour War were made by cavaliers (D) Emsley Ch3 8/7/99 12:25 pm Page 38 Gendarmes and the Revolution movement for political and social reform to add an extra, and more dangerous dimension to the riots.
Re série), iv. (Férolles), (Lesigny), v. (Triel), (Sézanne), and vi. (Vitry-le-François). , v. (Villeneuve-sous-Dammartin) and vi. (Orleans). , i. and iii. . , v. . , iii. ; and see also iii. (Dourdan), iv. (Vitry-le-François), (Charonne), – (Soissons), (Meudon), v. (Saint-Maurice-Montcouronne), and (Mortagne au Perche). 53 AG MR , Liasse ‘Notes, ordonnances et mémoires sur la maréchaussée’, Mémoire sur le projet d’une nouvelle distribution des Divisions de la Maréchaussée.
Deuxième division. (C) Emsley Ch2 8/7/99 12:23 pm Page 29 The maréchaussée had the power to pass a variety of penalties—death, the galleys, banishment; yet while the assumption might be that military justice was bound to be harsh, the evidence does not bear this out. In the Périgueux towards the end of the ancien régime, the prévôtal magistrates appear to have been rather more moderate than other judges, particularly in the treatment of beggars. In Flanders the prévôt worked in harmony with other jurisdictions and contributed to the general trend in the amelioration of punishment.