By Michał Antkiewicz, Krzysztof Czarnecki (auth.), Ralf Lämmel, Joost Visser, João Saraiva (eds.)
This instructional booklet provides an augmented choice of the fabric provided on the overseas summer time college on Generative and Transformational recommendations in software program Engineering, GTTSE 2007, held in Braga, Portugal, in July 2007.
The 7 educational lectures offered including five brief tutorials and four contributions to the contributors workshop have been conscientiously chosen in the course of a number of rounds of reviewing and development. The tutorials given through popular representatives of complementary techniques and challenge domain names mix foundations, tools, examples, and power support.
Read or Download Generative and Transformational Techniques in Software Engineering II: International Summer School, GTTSE 2007, Braga, Portugal, July 2-7, 2007. Revised Papers PDF
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Additional resources for Generative and Transformational Techniques in Software Engineering II: International Summer School, GTTSE 2007, Braga, Portugal, July 2-7, 2007. Revised Papers
Antkiewicz and K. Czarnecki Table 2. Results of three-way compare of the corresponding elements t, s, and r in the new artifacts TT and ST , and the reference artifact TT , respectively. The absence of a corresponding element is represented by -. Table adapted from . T T ST s t s t s t s t s t s t s t s s s - t - t - t - - TT r r r r r r r r r r condition t=s=r t=s∧t=r t=s t=s∧t=r t=s∧s=r t=s=r=t t=s t=r t=r s=r s=r - detected updates to element unchanged modiﬁed consistently in TT & ST added consistently to TT & ST modiﬁed in ST modiﬁed in TT modiﬁed inconsistently in TT & ST added inconsistently to TT & ST removed from ST removed from ST , modiﬁed in TT added to TT removed from TT removed from TT , modiﬁed in ST added to ST removed from TT & ST update classification no updates consistent updates consistent updates propagating update in ST propagating update in TT conﬂicting updates conﬂicting updates propagating update in ST conﬂicting updates propagating update in TT propagating update in TT conﬂicting updates propagating update in ST consistent updates The classiﬁcation results are then presented to the user, who can review each of the updates and decide to accept or reject it.
1 Data Synchronization in Optimistic Replication The need for synchronization arises in the area of optimistic replication, which allows replica contents to diverge in the short term in order to allow concurrent work practices and to tolerate failures in low quality communication links. Optimistic replication has applications to ﬁle systems, personal digital assistants, internet services, mobile databases, and software revision control. Saito and Shapiro  provide an excellent survey of optimistic replication algorithms, which are essentially synchronization algorithms.
Semantic update operations: Replicas can be compared syntactically or semantically. This distinction is concerned with the extent to which the synchronizer system is aware of the application semantics of the replicas and the update operations. Semantic approaches avoid some conﬂicts that would arise in syntactic approaches, but are more challenging to implement. – Conﬂict management : This characteristic is concerned with the way the system deﬁnes and handles conﬂicts. Conﬂict detection policies can be syntactic or semantic.