By Barbara E. Liedl, Joanne A. Labate, John R. Stommel, Ann Slade, Chittaranjan Kole
This quantity covers the advances within the examine of tomato range and taxonomy. It examines the mapping of straightforward and intricate features, classical genetics and breeding, organization reports, molecular breeding, positional cloning, and structural and comparative genomics. The members additionally talk about transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and bioinformatics. the data during this e-book should be worthy to researchers engaged on different Solanaceaous plants in addition to these attracted to utilizing the tomato as a version crop species.
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Get a close-up view of the lifetime of a tomato.
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Additional resources for Genetics, Genomics, and Breeding of Tomato
Genetic mapping of morphological traits in tomato began early in the 20th century (Jones 1917). Furthermore, tomato’s importance in agriculture has led to breeding efforts that have yielded numerous spontaneous and induced mutations, which provide a valuable resource for genetic research (Giovannoni 2004). 6). Among the numerous tools developed for tomato are: transformation techniques (McCormick et al. 1986), various mapping populations, molecular markers, a physical map, microarrays, and expressed sequence tag (EST) collections.
1996 Leading Countries (2006) China 2006 Production Area (Ha) Yield Production Area (Ha) Yield (Kg/Ha) (Tons) (Kg/Ha) (Tons) 15537463 574382 27051 32540040 1405103 23158 Egypt 5995411 173152 34625 7600000 195000 38974 India 6000000 350000 17143 8637700 497600 17359 Islamic Rep. 2 Nutritional Composition Tomato fruits are not a particularly nutrient-rich food source; however, tomatoes are consumed in such large quantities, that they make substantial overall health and nutritional contributions to the human diet.
Galapagense have yellow to orange fruits. All other species have green fruits due to the presence of chlorophyll in the pericarp, sometimes with purplish coloration by accumulation of anthocyanin pigments and a green, dark green or purple stripe along the union of the carpels, and are usually pubescent at maturity. Tomato seeds are oval, obovate, or orbicular and flattened laterally with “pseudohairs” due to the development of radial wall thickenings of the cells of the epidermis in mature seeds (Lester 1991; Lester and Durrands 1984) that produce a hairy and silky appearance to the seed surface.