By Alan J.K. Sanders
Mongolia borders Russia to the north and the People's Republic of China to the south, east, and west. The Mongol Empire was once based by way of Genghis Khan within the thirteenth century. it will definitely submitted to the Manchu rulers of Qing China within the seventeenth century. After the Soviet-backed revolution of 1921 it turned a one-party kingdom identified from 1924 because the Mongolian People's Republic. Following the democratic revolution of 1990, which ushered in multiparty politics and a industry economic climate, the recent structure followed in 1992 renamed the rustic Mongolia.
The 3rd version of the Historical Dictionary of Mongolia drastically expands at the earlier variation via a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, appendixes, and over a thousand cross-referenced dictionary entries on vital humans, locations, occasions, and associations, in addition to major political, financial, social, and cultural aspects.
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Additional resources for Historical Dictionary of Mongolia
1683 6th Dalai Lama Tsangyang Gyatso (Tsan"yanjamts) born in Monyul (-1706). 1685 Russian fort at Albazin destroyed by Qing forces. Hovd town founded by Galdan Boshigt. 1686 Irkutsk gained town status. 1687 Galdan Boshigt attacked Khalkha and destroyed Gandan monastery at Ih Hüree. 1688 Tüsheet Khan and Ondör (Bogd) Gegeen considered seeking Manchu protection. 1689 Treaty of Nerchinsk divided territory between Russian and Manchu empires along Ergun (Argun) and Geerbiqi (Gorbitsa) rivers and the Outer Hinggan mountains.
1717 Capture of Lhasa by Tseveenravdan (Tsi-wang Arabtan). 1720 Qing army expelled Tseveenravdan from Lhasa. 1722 Death of Qing Emperor Kang Xi. Reign of Qing Emperor Yong Zheng (Nayralt Töv) began (-1735). 1723 First Javzandamba (Ondör Gegeen) died. 1724 2nd Javzandamba Luvsandambiydonmi born (-1757). 1725 Reign of Russian Empress Catherine the Great began (-1796). 1727 Prince Savva Raguzinskiy signed Treaty of Kyakhta and Buur river protocol determining border between Russian and Manchu empires.
1919 Soviet Russian government recognized Bogd Khan Mongolia (August). Chinese General Hsü Shu-cheng captured Niyslel Hüree (November). First secret meetings of two Mongolian revolutionary groups named "Konsulyn Denj" and "Hüree" after their locality. Formation of pro-Japanese "Greater Mongolia" government in Dauria. 1920 Russian communists Burtman, Sorokovikov, and Borisov met Mongolian revolutionaries (March/April). Revolutionary groups united as Mongolian People's Party (MPP) (April). Delegation of revolutionaries reached Verkhneudinsk: Bodoo and Dogsom returned to Niyslel Hüree (July/August).