By Charles W., Jr. Hedrick
The ruling elite in historical Rome sought to eliminate even the reminiscence in their deceased rivals via a strategy referred to now as damnatio memoriae. those formal and conventional practices incorporated removal the person's identify and snapshot from public monuments and inscriptions, making it unlawful to talk of him, and forbidding funeral observances and mourning. sarcastically, besides the fact that, whereas those practices dishonored the person's reminiscence, they didn't damage it. certainly, a later flip of occasions may restoration the criminal not just to public want but in addition to re-inclusion within the public list. This e-book examines the method of purge and rehabilitation of reminiscence within the individual of Virius Nicomachus Flavianus (?-394). Charles Hedrick describes how Flavian used to be condemned for partaking within the uprising opposed to the Christian emperor Theodosius the Great--and then restored to the general public checklist a iteration later as individuals of the newly Christianized senatorial category sought to reconcile their pagan prior and Christian current. via selectively remembering and forgetting the activities of Flavian, Hedrick argues, the Roman elite venerated their ancestors whereas partaking in profound social, cultural, and spiritual switch.
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Additional resources for History and Silence: Purge and Rehabilitation of Memory in Late Antiquity
9 In addition, accounts of Roman careers may exist in many copies or versions, and by comparing them it may seem possible to verify the truth of the facts of a given career. The impression of truth, though, is to a large extent produced in subtler ways, by the rhetorical form of the cursus. 10 There could hardly be a narrative more severe than the cursus: it is a bare list of ofﬁces. The citation of a position or honor seems straightforward and referential, either true or false, with no apparent in-between of interpretation.
To Nicomachus Flavianus, consular of Sicily, vicar of Africa, quaestor at the court of the blessed Theodosius, twice praetorian prefect of Italy, Illyricum, and Africa, because of his worth and prestige in the senate and as a judge. The statue was restored in honor of his son, Nicomachus Flavianus, consular of Campania, proconsul of Asia, frequently urban prefect, incumbent praetorian prefect of Italy, Illyricum, and Africa. ] and the most reverend remembrance we all cherish of the elder Flavian, we do honor to our blessed grandfather if we recall to the monuments and inscriptions of his worth the man whom our grandfather desired to survive for us and be spared for you—many of you remember his words before you—so that you may realize that whatever Flavian suffered from underhanded insinuations was far from the wish of that prince.
The ﬁrst would be the statue and accompanying cursus of the elder Flavian. The name and ofﬁces mentioned here are expressed, as they often are on statue bases, in the dative. This dedication would end with line 3. Grammatically it can stand satisfactorily as an autonomous dedication. The second would be the dedication of the restoration of this statue in honor of the younger Flavian, which is unambiguously expressed as reddita in honorem. This dedication begins with line 4 and also can stand on its own as a dedication.