By Mark Monmonier
Initially released to extensive acclaim, this full of life, cleverly illustrated essay at the use and abuse of maps teaches us easy methods to overview maps significantly and promotes a fit skepticism approximately those easy-to-manipulate types of fact. Monmonier exhibits that, regardless of their titanic worth, maps lie. in truth, they must.
The moment version is up-to-date with the addition of 2 new chapters, 10 colour plates, and a brand new foreword by way of popular geographer H. J. de Blij. One new bankruptcy examines the position of nationwide curiosity and cultural values in nationwide mapping enterprises, together with the USA Geological Survey, whereas the opposite explores the recent breed of multimedia, computer-based maps.
To exhibit how maps distort, Monmonier introduces simple ideas of mapmaking, supplies pleasing examples of the misuse of maps in events from zoning disputes to census reviews, and covers all of the average forms of distortions from planned oversimplifications to the deceptive use of color.
"Professor Monmonier himself is familiar with the best way to achieve our awareness; it's not actually the lies in maps yet their fact, if constantly approximate and incomplete, that he wishes us to respect and use, even to attract for ourselves at the facile reveal. His is an crafty and humorous ebook, which like every sturdy map, packs lots in little space."—Scientific American
"A important consultant to an issue most folk most likely take an excessive amount of with no consideration. It indicates how map makers translate summary facts into crowd pleasing cartograms, as they're referred to as. It combats cartographic illiteracy. It fights cartophobia. it will possibly even educate you in finding your means. For that by myself, it kind of feels worthwhile."—Christopher Lehmann-Haupt, The big apple Times
". . . witty exam of ways and why maps lie. [The booklet] conveys an incredible message approximately how information of any variety could be manipulated. however it additionally communicates a lot of the problem, aesthetic allure, and sheer enjoyable of maps. Even those that hated geography in grammar tuition may well good discover a new enthusiasm for the topic after analyzing Monmonier's energetic and astounding book."—Wilson Library Bulletin
"A interpreting of this publication will go away you far better defended opposed to affordable atlases, shoddy journalism, unscrupulous advertisers, predatory special-interest teams, and others who may perhaps use or abuse maps at your expense."—John Van Pelt, Christian technology Monitor
"Monmonier meets his objective admirably. . . . [His] e-book could be wear each map user's 'must read' checklist. it really is informative and readable . . . an important leap forward in supporting us to appreciate how maps can deceive their readers."—Jeffrey S. Murray, Canadian Geographic
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Additional resources for How to Lie with Maps (2nd Edition)
Although poor training and sloppy design account for some errors, most cartographic blunders reflect a combination of inattention and inadequate editing. If the mapmaker is rushed, if the employer views willingness to work for minimal wages as more important than skill in doing the job, or if no one checks and rechecks the work, missing or misplaced features and misspelled labels are inevitable. Large-scale base maps have surprisingly few errors. A costly but efficient bureaucratic structure at government mapping agencies usually guarantees a highly accurate product.
Typical examples include adding Finnish territory to the Soviet Union on the map decorating a New York Times article on Canadian-Soviet relations and switching the labels identifying New Hampshire and Vermont on a Knight-Ridder Graphics Network map of areas in the United States affected by drought. Perhaps more annoying are blunders on road maps and street maps, particularly when the place you are trying to find Chapter Four / 48 is missing, misplaced, misindexed, mislabeled, or badly misshaped.
Soil scientists use a less precise but equally pragmatic size thresholdthe head of a pencil-to eliminate tiny, insignificant areas on soils maps. Aggregation might override selection when a patch otherwise too small to include is either combined with one or more small, similar areas nearby or merged into a larger neighbor. On soils maps and land-use maps, which assign all land to some category, aggregation of two close but separated area features might require the dissolution or segmentation of the intervening area.