By Raymond Hill
Because the first variation of Hungary used to be released, Hungary has elected numerous post-Communist governments, Joined NATO, started club talks with the ecu, and made sizeable growth in facing its financial difficulties. This up-to-date and revised version chronicles the heritage of Hungary, from its historic origins to its present affairs. Its obtainable textual content additionally offers a accomplished evaluation of way of life, politics, tradition, economic climate, and overseas coverage that represent the nationwide at the present time. This quantity is a wonderful advent to Hungary for college kids and basic reader alike.
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Additional info for Hungary
The United States entered the war in 1917 and helped speed the Allied victory. S. president Woodrow Wilson viewed the outcome as a triumph of the forces of democracy over the forces of tyranny. World War I was the catalyst of Hungary’s independence from Austria. But Hungary was on the losing side of the war and as such received drastic punishment from the Allies. Hungarians generally were enthusiastic about World War I when it began. Magyars viewed the conflict as a means of punishing Russia for its ■ 23 ■ 24 ■ HUNGARY Austro-Hungarian troops march into Serbia in 1916 during World War I.
Library of Congress) WORLD WAR I THROUGH WORLD WAR II ■ 35 later in the form of fascism during World War II, and after that in the guise of the Communist secret police. The most significant political event prior to the summer of 1920 was the appointment by parliament of Admiral Miklós Horthy to the post of regent. ) Horthy had returned to Budapest on November 16, 1919, at the head of the 25,000-strong National Army, the fighting force of the Szeged opposition government. Horthy assumed the regency after a lengthy debate in parliament over the future of Hungary’s king Charles IV (the former emperor Charles I), the last of Austria’s Hapsburg rulers.
Szótjay filled his cabinet with members of the Hungarian National Socialist Alliance, a coalition of fascist groups. On March 19, 1944, eight German divisions (about 150,000 troops) moved into Hungary, purportedly at the request of the Szótjay government. With German army and SS (elite guard) units backing him up, Szótjay was free to neutralize all domestic opposition. Thousands of leftists, including leading Social Democrats and Smallholders, and intellectuals and journalists were imprisoned or sent to German concentration camps.