By John Day
Lately yes 'revisionist' students have claimed that little may be identified approximately pre-exilic Israel as the previous testomony was once compiled purely after the exile. This e-book argues that this is often an severe and untenable place, and that although the outdated testomony used to be certainly edited within the exilic and post-exilic sessions, some of the underlying assets return to pre-exilic Israel and, whilst significantly analysed, can shed a lot mild on that interval. This quantity surveys not just historiography but in addition quite a few points of what should be recognized of pre-exilic prophecy, legislations, knowledge and psalmody. the sunshine shed through archaeology and old close to japanese texts can be evaluated. this significant paintings is the manufactured from a magnificent foreign workforce of seventeen famous students. the entire contributions, formerly unpublished, come up from papers dropped at the Oxford previous testomony seminar.
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Additional info for In Search of Pre-Exilic Israel: Proceedings of the Oxford Old Testament Seminar
In a more recent book Dever has presented a fuller, while still cautious, account of his views about the origins of the biblical tradition (2003: 229-34): 'Among the principal architects who shaped the biblical overall tradition we assume that there were elements of the House of Joseph. Although a minority, they told their story as the story of all Israel. That would explain how the Exodus/Sinai tradition came into being. Some of these groups probably had come out of Egypt to Canaan, and in a way that upon reflection seemed miraculous to them ...
Privileged though these scribes were, this need not have prevented them from criticizing their own regime. In any event their criticisms are always expressed in the words of an earlier prophet, so that no direct criticism of the current authorities is explicit (103). He concludes: 'I do not resist the idea that there is real anger, morality and passion in this poetry. But I see no reason to attribute it to "prophets" nor to anyone before the fifth century BCE' (119). How was the 'message' of these scribal protesters received, however?
11 remains an important historical datum for the Exodus tradition. Secondly and more briefly, there is the reference to Moses' stay in Midian, his marriage to the daughter of a Midianite priest and the tradition that he (and subsequently the 'Exodus group' as a whole) met with Yahweh at a desert mountain in the vicinity. The Midianite connections of Moses are scarcely likely to have been invented,8 and the association of Yahweh with a mountain to the south of Canaan is both strongly supported and unlikely to have arisen from a population that was solely derived from the Canaanite city-states.