By David C. Reisman, Jon McGinnis
Read or Download Interpreting Avicenna: Science And Philosophy In Medieval Islam-Proceedings Of The Second Conference Of The Avicenna Study Group (Islamic Philosophy, Theology, and Science) PDF
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Extra resources for Interpreting Avicenna: Science And Philosophy In Medieval Islam-Proceedings Of The Second Conference Of The Avicenna Study Group (Islamic Philosophy, Theology, and Science)
The assumption is that an eﬃcient cause will always produce its eﬀect provided that there is no obstacle precluding it. ”2 Events occurring always encounter no obstacle at all, while events that occur for the most part may encounter some sort of obstacle. With regard to events occurring for the most part, it is important to bear in mind that the causes of a particular event or thing may not of themselves be able to bring about the eﬀect and may need a subsidiary, determining cause in order to do so.
Such arguments are proﬁtable only in a few cases. 42 Another case raises the issue of metaphorical language in Avicenna’s philosophy. 43 One interesting example is Avicenna’s use of terms associated with the religion of Islam and, in particular, his employment of Qur’anic terms to explain philosophical ideas. ) in works of impeccable authenticity for comparison with questionable works. 44 With syntax and style we face the same problem as that related to comparative assessments of philosophical terminology in that the patterns of educated writers of Arabic in the medieval period adhere to critical scholarship.
II. Chance, Providence and Evil In chapter fourteen, a diﬀerent issue related to chance is discussed. This chapter presents the second part of the debate, the relation between chance, divine providence and the origin of the world. In the second part of his argument, Ibn Sìnà seeks to show that nature generally acts towards an end, an Aristotelian theme. In order to defend his teleological view of nature, he has to tackle the issue of matter and also of evil, which leads him to expound and develop views that are typically Plotinian.