By Rupert Woodfin, Oscar Zarate
Was once Marx himself a 'Marxist'? used to be his visionary promise of socialism betrayed by way of Marxist dictatorship? Is Marxism unavoidably totalitarian? What did Marx relatively say? Introducing Marxism presents a primary account of Karl Marx's unique philosophy, its roots in 19th-century ecu ideology, and his radical monetary and social feedback of capitalism that encouraged huge 19th-century revolutions. It assesses Marxism's Russian disciples - Lenin, Trotsky and Stalin - who solid a ruthless dogmatic Communism. This publication examines the choice Marxist ways of Gramsci, the Frankfurt institution of severe conception and the structuralist Marxism of Althusser within the Nineteen Sixties. It marshals postmodern interpretations of Marxism and increases the spectre of 'post-Marxism' in Derrida's disagreement with Fukuyama's 'end of heritage' doctrine. Marxism isn't really easily a phantom of the 20th-century chilly conflict that when encouraged terror. It is still a powerful moral strength in our postmodern age of uncertainty.
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Extra info for Introducing Marxism
More people buy them. The workers lose out. 55 The Contradiction of Capitalism In this process of constant effort to increase efficiency and the volume of profit, Marx saw the essential contradiction of capitalism. The process involved a fundamental change in the way that capital was composed. This change would lead to an eventual decrease in the rate of surplus value. 56 Fixed capital can only put its own value into the exchange value of a commodity. Therefore, in the long run, the rate of surplus value will fall, profits will fall, and capitalists must force workers to work longer for lower wages.
35 The Productive Forces The basic human relations are dictated by the necessity to produce and exchange goods that can satisfy the wide range of our needs. Human labour, their acquired practical skills and implements or machines made to help them extract and transform the raw materials • these Marx calls the "productive forces". But these are not enough. 36 The Productive Relations Humans must also work together to be effective. There must be relationships between them. These Marx calls the "productive relations".
These Marx calls the "productive relations". In early human history, Marx believed, people worked together in a cooperative "primitive communism". 37 Class Antagonisms So, the productive relations themselves instil hostility between two fundamental antagonistic classes - the exploiters and the exploited. " 38 39 Substructure and Superstructure The foundations of any society consist of the basic productive forces and relations. Marx called this the substructure or infrastructure fundamental to materialistic social reality.