By Roger L. Clough, Shalaby W. Shalaby
content material: High-energy ion irradiation results on polymer fabrics / H. Kudoh, T. Sasuga, and T. Seguchi --
Mechanistic stories at the radiation chemistry of poly(hydroxybutyrate) / Trudy Carswell-Pomerantz, Limin Dong, David J.T. Hill, James H. O'Donnell, and Peter J. Pomery --
Radiation-induced strength and cost shipping in polystyrene : laser photolysis and pulse radiolysis comparative research / Guohong Zhang and J.K. Thomas --
Photoionization in polymer movies / Guohong Zhang and J.K. Thomas --
Radiation chemistry of polybutene-1 / W. Ken Busfield and Gregory S. Watson --
Anisotropic houses in ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene after cobalt-60 irradiation / J.V. Hamilton, K.W. Greer, P. Ostiguy, and P.N. Pai --
machine simulation of polymer community formation by way of radiation cross-linking / Eric S. Castner and Vassilios Galiatsatos --
Low-voltage electron-beam simulation utilizing the built-in Tiger sequence Monte Carlo code and calibration via radiochromic dosimetry / Douglas E. Weiss, Harvey W. Kalweit, and Ronald P. Kensek --
a up to date strengthen within the decision of scission and cross-linking yields of gamma-ray irradiated polymers / David J.T. Hill, K.A. Milne, James H. O'Donnell, and Peter J. Pomery --
choice of recent chain-end teams in irradiated polyisobutylene by way of NMR spectroscopy / David J.T. Hill, James H. O'Donnell, M.C. Senake Perera, and Peter J. Pomery --
Radiochromic solid-state polymerization response / William L. McLaughlin, Mohamad Al-Sheikhly, D.F. Lewis, A. Kovács, and L. Wojnárovits --
Deposition of plasma-polymerized styrene less than ion bombardment / Jung H. Lee, Dong S. Kim, and younger H. Lee --
Synthesis of polysaccharide chemical gels by way of gamma-ray irradiation / Annamaria Paparella and Kinam Park --
Interpenetrating polymer community formation through electron-beam curing of acrylated epoxy resin blends / Mohamad Al-Sheikhly and William L. McLaughlin --
Electron processing of carbon-fiber-reinforced complex composites : a standing record / Ajit Singh, Chris B. Saunders, Vince J. Lopata, Walter Kremers, Tom E. McDougall, Miyoko Tateishi, and Minda Chung --
Electron-beam production of tank music pads / Byron J. Lambert, Ahmed A. Basfar, Walter J. Chappas, and Joseph Silverman --
Gas-plasma sterilization / Paul T. Jacobs and Szu-Min Lin --
Radiation sterilization of clinical units and prescription drugs / Karen J.L. Burg and Shalaby W. Shalaby --
Radiochemical sterilization : a brand new method of clinical gadget processing / Shalaby W. Shalaby and C.L. Linden, Jr. --
Advances in nutrition irradiation study / Karen J.L. Burg and Shalaby W. Shalaby --
Molecular-level reaction of chosen polymeric fabrics to the low earth orbit surroundings / Philip younger, Emilie J. Siochi, and Wayne S. Slemp --
results of gamma-ray irradiation on thermal and tensile homes of ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene platforms / M. Deng, R.A. Johnson, R.A. Latour, Jr., and Shalaby W. Shalaby --
results of ionizing radiation at the optical homes of polymers / Julie P. Harmon, Emmanuel Biagtan, Gregory T. Schueneman, and E.P. Goldberg --
Temperature results in gamma-ray irradiation of natural insulators for superconducting magnets for fusion reactors / H. Kudoh, N. Kasai, T. Sasuga, and T. Seguchi --
Radiation-induced results in ethylene-propylene copolymer with antioxidant / Stefania Baccaro --
improvement of an speeded up getting older strategy for assessment of long term irradiation results on ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene implants / D.C. solar, C. Stark, and J.H. Dumbleton --
functionality of polymeric fabrics as defensive for cosmic radiation / M.Y. Kim, S.A. Thibeault, J.W. Wilson, R.L. Kiefer, and R.A. Orwoll --
complex fabrics and varieties : photosensitive metathesis polymers / A. Mühlebach and U. Schaedeli --
Polymeric imaging fabric in keeping with an acid-catalyzed main-chain cleavage response / M. Hiro and J.M.J. Fréchet --
X-ray lithography with environmentally reliable chemical amplification confident withstand / Hiroshi Ito, Greg Breyta, Don Hofer, Andrew Pomerene, Karen Petrillo, and David Seeger --
Silylating reagents with excessive silicon contents for dry-developed positive-tone resists for extreme-UV (13.5 nm) and deep-UV (248 nm) microlithography / David Wheeler, Eric Scharrer, Glenn Kubiak, Richard Hutton, Susan Stein, Ray Cirelli, Frank Baiocchi, may possibly Cheng, Craig Boyce, and Gary Taylor.
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Additional info for Irradiation of Polymers. Fundamentals and Technological Applications
The transient absorbance of a film sample at the end of the pulse at a specific wavelength under the same irradiation conditions was measured with four layers of thick films. Based on the same dose absorbed by water and polymer films, G value of the measured transient was calculated by the following equation. 0; £( e^; 600 nm): the extinction coefficient of the solvated electron at 600 nm, 6=12,000 M"lcm"l was taken from literature; A(e^"; 600 nm): the absorbance of the hydrated electron at 600 nm measured at the end of the pulse; A(Tr, X): the absorbance of the transient species at wavelength X measured at the end of the pulse; 6(Tr; X): the extinction coefficient of the transient at wavelength X, which was taken as the same value measured in liquid hydrocarbons.
Ch003 (PS ) i + (PS)j + (PS )j+ PS 2 + ^(PS)i+ (PS )j >PS£ (charge migration) (dimer cation formation) + (positive charge transfer to solute) + (geminate hole-anion recombination) (PS )j+ S (PS )j+ S" where, PS is polystyrene, PS2 is a dimer site in the polymer, and S is a solute. Positive holes and excess electrons are first produced in irradiated polystyrene. The excess electrons, which are shallowly trapped in the polymer matrix after thermalization and exist as quasi-free electrons, either recombine with geminate holes within -1 ns to form the polymer excited states, or react with solute molecules leading to formation of solute anion radicals.
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