By Forough Jahanbakhsh
This quantity focuses totally on the query of the compatability of Islam and democracy. It highlights the contribution of 7 well known pre- and post-revolutionary Iranian spiritual thinkers at the topic.
Read or Download Islam, Democracy and Religious Modernism in Iran, 1953-2000: From Bazargan to Soroush (Social, Economic and Political Studies of the Middle East and Asia) PDF
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Extra info for Islam, Democracy and Religious Modernism in Iran, 1953-2000: From Bazargan to Soroush (Social, Economic and Political Studies of the Middle East and Asia)
More recently, in 1926, the Muslim World Conference adopted a resolution condemning slavery. Although Islam is much credited for moderating the age-old institution of slavery, which was also accepted and endorsed by the other monotheistic religions, Christianity and Judaism, and was a well-established custom of the pre-Islamic world, it has never preached the abolition of slavery as a doctrine. The Qur an accepts the institution of slavery but regulates its practice. " The Qur'an refers to the basic inequality between master and slave as a divinely ordained distinction: 59 Qur'an 9:5.
A nationalist living at a time when the ideas of pan-Islamism and Arab nationalism were in the air, al-Sayyid was also concerned with the freedom of the nation (in his case, Egypt). Apostasy However, one problem which faces any Muslim reformer, insofar as the principle of religious liberty is concerned, is posed by the shari ah (Islamic law) provisions affecting the offense of apostasy (riddah), provisions which effectively contradict any supposed right which an individual has to exercise freedom of choice in his or her religious beliefs.
R. Lerner and M. Mahdi, pp. 42~56 (Toronto: Collier-Macmillan, 1963). 5 Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, viii, 10, 1160b. 6 Ibn Rushd, Averroes on Plato's Republic, pp. 127-128; al-Farabi, "The Political Regime," p. 51. 7 Ibid. 8 Najjar, "Democracy in Islamic Political Philosophy," p. 120. 22 CHAPTER TWO It was not until the nineteenth century that the concept of democracy was rediscovered and captured the focal attention of Muslim intellectuals. At the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth century the doctrines and ideals of the French Revolution and other political movements inspired by it reached the Islamic world.