By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Roundtable on Science and Technology for Sustainability, James Buizer, David W. Cash
The nationwide Academies' Roundtable on technology and expertise for Sustainability hosted a workshop 'Knowledge-Action structures for Seasonal to Interannual weather Forecasting' in 2004 to find and distill common classes in regards to the layout of powerful structures for linking wisdom with motion from the final decade's event with the construction and alertness of seasonal to interannual weather forecasts. Workshop members defined classes that they had discovered according to their reviews constructing, utilizing, and utilizing choice aid structures within the usa, Columbia, Brazil, and Australia.Some of the foremost classes mentioned, as characterised by way of David funds and James Buizer, have been that potent knowledge-action platforms: outline and body the matter to be addressed through collaboration among wisdom clients and information manufacturers; are usually end-to-end structures that hyperlink person must easy medical findings and observations; are usually anchored in 'boundary agencies' that act as intermediaries among nodes within the approach - such a lot particularly among scientists and determination makers; characteristic versatile tactics and associations to be conscious of what's realized; use investment concepts adapted to the twin public/private personality of such structures; and require those that can paintings throughout disciplines, factor components, and the information and motion interface.
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Extra info for Knowledge-Action Systems for Seasonal to Interannual Climate Forecasting: Summary of a Workshop
Glantz. (2002). " Climatic Change 54:415-438. Buizer, J. , J. Foster, and D. Lund. (2000). " Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 81(9):2121-2139. Cash, D. W. (2001). " Science, Technology, and Human Values 26(4): 431-453 Cash, D. , J. C. Borck, and A. G. Patt. (in review). " Science, Technology, and Human Values. Cash, D. , W. C. Clark, F. Alcock, N. M. Dickson, N. Eckley, D. Guston, J. Jäger, and R. Mitchell. (2003). " Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100(14):8086-8091.
Kingamkono, and B. Hochobeb. (2000). Is information enough? User responses to seasonal climate forecasts in southern Africa. Oslo, Norway, Center for International Climate and Environmental Research. Patt, A. (2000). Communicating probabilistic forecasts to decision makers: a case study of Zimbabwe. Cambridge, MA, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. S. S. National Academy of Sciences Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center Irvine, California, USA May 6-8, 2004 Agenda Summary of workshop activities: On Day 1 (Thursday) we will spend most of our time discussing each of the cases.
Funding Effective knowledge-action systems can produce both public and private goods. For example, the Queensland system for incorporating climate information in the management of farming risks that was discussed at the workshop has a strong private-good component—individual farmers who use the system effectively capture individual benefits of more profitable production. In contrast, the malaria management system being designed in Colombia is almost entirely a public good provider. Several workshop participants explained that sustainable funding strategies for knowledge-action systems need to recognize their dual public/private character, and balance sources of support accordingly.