By K Westlake
This booklet addresses a pollutants probability ordinary in so much towns and massive cities world-wide through supplying an figuring out of the clinical and technical keep watch over of the landfill approach to family and non-domestic waste disposal, thought of in the framework of built-in waste administration. Landfill disposal is practised world-wide, and is affordable and handy yet, if poorly controlled, poses a significant chance to the surroundings. This pollutants risk is a resource of shock to regulating professionals and environmental strain teams. This complete textual content displays the authority of the author's massive event in evaluate and remediation of landfill websites, which he has taught in post-graduate classes on unsafe waste administration, and in operating overseas programmes on waste and infected land-related matters for undefined. Dr. Westlake's services additionally displays his paintings in organization with the Environmental defense Centre on the Harwell Laboratory.
Featuring the microbial degradation of waste inside landfills, with an knowing of risks linked to the creation, migration and keep watch over of landfill gasoline and leachate, the publication additionally issues to the advantages to be got from gasoline creation. there's very important dialogue at the tracking of doubtless harmful dormant websites, and masses important recommendation on hassle shooting.
The textual content is decided within the context of regulatory controls and assesses their impression, whereas whilst the future of waste disposal through landfill. there's insurance of legislative standards and constraints together with these from the ecu Union reflecting authentic attitudes. there's growing to be foreign consensus that ecu laws might be interpreted and utilized as a benchmark when it comes to felony practices and attitudes in all nations in the course of the world
- Addresses a pollutants threat customary in such a lot towns and big cities world-wide
- Provides an realizing of the clinical and technical regulate of the landfill approach to family and non-domestic waste disposal, thought of in the framework of built-in waste management
- Provides a major dialogue at the tracking of probably risky dormant sites
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Additional resources for Landfill Waste Pollution and Control
One of the earliest applications of landfill mining and reclamation (LFMR) in the USA was undertaken by Collier County at Naples landfill, Florida, where between 1986 and 1992, the county mined more than 70,000 tons of material, equivalent to 40 - 80 tons per hour, during processing. Approximately 60 % of the material was recovered as a soil fraction (Savage and Diaz 1994). Collier County estimates that recycled waste could produce revenues of up to $35 million over the next decade (Tyson, 1992) According to Savage and Diaz (1994) the determination of the feasibility of LFMR rests primarily with the site-specific circumstances.
The concept of landfill mining is not new; according to Savage and Diaz (1994), a landfill mining project was carried out in Israel in 1953 for the main purpose of reclaiming organic matter for use in agriculture. However, it is only relatively recently that it has been given serious consideration as a waste management option - especially in the USA, where it is a process that has been developed in response to increased difficulties in developing new sites - especially in urban areas, where a number of factors, including public opposition, may prevent development.
The pattern of gas production assumed to be typical of landfill is shown in Figure 6 and is based on that proposed by Farquhar and Rovers (1973). In this figure, no scale is included on the "x"-axis, for the length of time taken for each process will vary considerably from site to site, according to a number of factors including, waste composition and local environmental conditions. Therefore, the timescale over which pollution events can occur as a result of gas migration will also be site dependent and could vary between a few years and more than one hundred years.