By Martin Guevara Urbina
Contemplating the iconic and intricate background of U.S. race and ethnic kin, the a number of array of concerns at present confronting either ethnic and racial groups, and the moving tendencies within the ethnic/racial panorama, this ebook seeks to supply a finished account of the simultaneous interplay of urgent historic and modern forces shaping the Latino adventure in addition to police-minority relatives to higher comprehend the present nation of policing and achieve extra perception into the long run position of Latino police in American legislation enforcement around the state. Delineating the confines of policing a hugely varied and multicultural society within the twenty-first century, this booklet conjoins historic, theoretical, and empirical research-placing Latino policing inside of a broader legislations enforcement and group context. significant issues comprise the necessity for Latino cops; employment of Latino officials through federal, kingdom, and native legislation enforcement firms; Chicano cops operating within the Latino group; Latino officials, coverage, perform, and ethnic realities; Mexican American legislation enforcement; bridging the gaps, destiny learn, and alter in American associations; coverage options towards a brand new police strength; and the way forward for Latino officials within the American police. extra matters highlighted comprise racial/ethnic profiling, police brutality, underpolicing, and overpolicing which problem the hunt for illustration, equality, justice, and due approach. ultimately, the contributing authors show that the shortcoming of data on Latino police and the final American police isn't inevitable, and hence the e-book concludes with coverage and learn ideas to assist bridge this long-neglected void; eventually, the production of a brand new police strength for the twenty-first century. The textual content represents a so much well timed and crucial instrument for all degrees of policing, legislation enforcement directors, legal justice educators, civic managers, criminologists, sociologists, and others vested in police reform.
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Additional resources for Latino Police Officers in the United States: An Examination of Emerging Trends and Issues
In fact, children were told to carry birth certificates or face deportation. Among various pressing issues, there were two detrimental issues for Latino youths: how being undocumented created a feeling of no rights in a supposed democratic country; and how secondary knowledge of English was essential in establishing identity and status. Clearly, “The mastery of English is profoundly important in claims making and establishing legitimacy in the United States” (Bejarano, 2005:49). C. with men and women from El Salvador, Columbia, Honduras, and the Dominican Republic (Hammer & Rogan, 2002), where among various concerns, respondents listed their inability to speak English, and that officers’ inability to speak Spanish posed great difficulty in interactions; ultimately impacting police-community relations.
The criminalization of immigrants, in turn, has resulted in the criminalization of non-criminals and, in essence, the criminalization of Mexicans and the whole Latina/o community” (Castañeda, 2008; Posadas and Medina, 2012:93), creating “an underclass of people locked down and invisible, in fear of deportation and being separated from their families” (Posadas & Medina, 2012:89). In effect, one recent study found that the vulnerability of deportation or detention negatively impacts the well-being of Latino immigrants, including the stability of the family household, the mental and emotional state of children, and the children’s academic achievement (Brabeck & Xu, 2010).
7 million in 2010). As the fastest growing segment of the population, Latinos now live in every state of the country and in every major city across America. S. 6%), making Los Angeles the second largest Mexican city in the world, after Mexico City. ), Hawaii, New Mexico, and Texas are already minority-majority states (all ethnic/racial groups included). By July 1, 2012, California, Florida, and Texas were Latino-majority states (more than 50 percent Latino), and New Mexico, having the highest percentage of Latinos (47% in 2012), not including other ethnic/racial minorities, is already approaching 50 percent Latino, with the majority being Mexican Americans.