By A. Quiroga
Making Spaniards bargains a student-friendly research of 1 the main unexplored but an important sessions of recent Spanish background: the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera (1923-1930). The e-book specializes in the reputable nationalist doctrine built in the course of the dictatorship and the method of 'nationalization and the loads' undertaken through the kingdom. It argues that the intellectuals of the primorriverista regime defined the foundations of an extreme-right nationalism that finally turned the doctrinal bases of the Franco dictatorship following the Spanish Civil battle.
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Extra info for Making Spaniards: Primo de Rivera and the Nationalization of the Masses, 1923-30
Furthermore, in many ways, these groups represented the first real attempt from the right to gain popular support outside the oligarchic circles of the Restoration. This new approach to the masses was based on a genuine effort to produce a social mobilization – via political parties, Catholic trade unions, religious pilgrimages and militias – which paved the way for the model of ‘national mobilization’ Primo later tried under the Unión Patriótica and the Somatén Nacional. To be sure, it was Maurism, the movement formed around the conservative leader Antonio Maura, that represented the first real attempt to organize a modern political party and regenerate the country ‘from above’.
The censorship The Military Directory (1923–1925) 35 cabinet also functioned as a press office, reviewing Primo’s official notes before they were handed to the press and advising the President of the Military Directory on how to publicize political issues. Censorship became the negative complement of the propaganda machine. Extended throughout the whole country and indiscriminately used by the government in diputaciones (provincial councils) and municipalities, the regime provided itself with an essential device to control public discourse and, therefore, to manipulate public opinion.
23 This led to the organization of patriotic mass rallies and military parades in support of the regime together with the promotion of governmental campaigns on morals and patriotic duties. 24 The delegados were also regimented to organize the local Somatén in their districts, under the supervision of the captain general of the region. The extension of the Catalan institution to the whole country four days after the coup was an initial defensive measure to endow the regime with a civilian militia capable of backing the military government in case it came under pressure.