By Candace Kruttschnitt
The character of legal punishment has passed through profound switch within the usa in contemporary a long time. this example research of girls serving time in California within the Nineteen Sixties and Nineties examines this contemporary historical past. Drawing on archival facts, interviews, and surveys, the authors' research considers the relationships between reliable philosophies and practices of imprisonment, women's responses to the felony regime, and relatives among girls prisoners.
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Extra resources for Marking Time in the Golden State: Women’s Imprisonment in California
California Crime Rates, 1960–1998 Source: California Bureau of Criminal Statistics. (Various years) Crime and Delinquency in California. Sacramento: California Department of Justice. Concerns about crime, as much criminological research has shown, often do not correlate strongly with trends in crime rates. It is perhaps not surprising, then, that in the last half of the 1960s when crime was increasing Californians appeared relatively uninterested in it. Public opinion polls rarely listed crime among the choices of “problems facing the state” that were offered to respondents.
But first we turn to an overview of women in California in the late twentieth century and summarize some of the social, economic, and political trends relevant to their lives, their involvement in crime, and the popular and official reactions to their criminality. 25 For 24 25 The Blue Ribbon Commission did not completely ignore women in prison. In its report, it commented on the fact that the state women’s prisons were overcrowded and noted the resource disadvantages female prisoners faced relative to male prisoners.
The bill, Penal Code 1170(2), charged the department with developing rehabilitative programs for nonviolent, first-time felons. In 1998 the state’s Little Hoover Commission (LHC) released a report that again recommended reducing overcrowding in prisons and jails, developing intermediate sanctions for nonviolent drug and property offenders, and expanding drug treatment and cognitive skills programs in prisons. However, similar to other state-sponsored commissions, the 1998 LHC did not challenge the goals expressed in the sentencing legislation of the 1980s and early 1990s and did not back away from the CDC’s plan for building more prisons.