By Mazhar Aziz
This quantity examines the function of the army, the main influential actor in Pakistan, and demanding situations traditional knowledge at the motives of political instability during this geographically very important nuclear country. It rejects perspectives that ethnic and non secular cleavages and perceived financial or political mismanagement via civilian governments triggers army intervention in Pakistan. The examine argues as a substitute that the army intervenes to take away civilian governments the place the latter are appeared to be undermining the military’s institutional pursuits. Mazhar Aziz exhibits that the Pakistani army has turn into a parallel country, and given the level of its effect, will proceed to outline the character of governance in the polity. total, army regulate in Pakistan is a well timed reminder and an immense source for either students and coverage makers, sincerely demonstrating the necessity to refocus realization at the challenge of an influential army when drawing acceptable conclusions approximately concerns starting from democratic norms, political illustration and civilian-military family.
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Extra info for Military Control in Pakistan: The Parallel State (Routledge Advances in South Asian Studies)
83 While Schmitter et al. ’85 But does it then mean that one is destined to remain forever a hostage to the choices made at some point earlier in time? ’88 For the exigency of research, it will be useful to identify some critical junctures in the political developments in Pakistan and present an analysis of their subsequent impact. It has been brought up in the course of this chapter how and why the twin issues of state survival and 36 Explaining politics threat perception would have steered policy-making in a certain direction.
93 A failure to engage with the unfolding of events, conversely, will result in an incomplete description of the changes within a polity. An historical institutionalist approach supports the proposition that ‘institutions play a much greater role in shaping politics, and political history more generally’94, without subtracting variables such as the ‘players, their interests and strategies, and the distribution of power among them.
There might seem to be a circularity of argument about democracy not taking roots due to a lack of a ‘democratic atmosphere’ within the region and vice versa. More importantly perhaps, the evidence does not support the contention that pressures from developed countries and international organisations can necessarily be factored in considerations of democracy as a general rule. There are many variables and contextual factors that can impact either way on the progression or contraction of democratic governance.