By M.F. Reiser (Foreword), U. J. Schoepf (Editor)
With the arrival of multidetector-row expertise, pleasure has again to computed tomography. not just do we now snapshot speedier and with larger answer than ever earlier than. extra importantly, the advance of subtle photo acquisition strategies has enabled us to enterprise into parts formerly thought of to be past the scope of CT imaging. the information, adventure, and imaginative and prescient of a number of well known overseas specialists in state of the art thoracic functions of multidetector-row CT are condensed inside this e-book. the result's a serious, finished evaluation of the radical possibilities, but additionally the hot demanding situations, led to via the advance of ever-faster CT acquisition options. offers the most recent advancements in CT imaging of the thorax Comprehensively stories the literature deals priceless sensible instructions Addresses either possibilities and demanding situations Written by way of prime foreign specialists
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Extra info for Multidetector-Row CT of the Thorax (Medical Radiology Diagnostic Imaging)
Fortschr Röntgenstr 174:1022–1027 Flohr T, Stierstorfer K, Bruder H, Simon S, Polacin A, Schaller S (2003) Image reconstruction and image quality evaluation for a 16-slice CT-scanner. Med Phys 30(5):832–845 Frush DP, Soden B, Frush KS, Lowry C (2002) Improved pediatric multidetector body CT using a size-based color-coded format. AJR 178:721–726 Fuchs T, Krause S, Schaller S, Flohr T, Kalender WA (2000) Spiral interpolation algorithm for multi-slice spiral CT. Part 2: Measurement and evaluation of slice sensitivity proﬁles and noise at a clinical multi-slice system.
While the stochastic risk depends upon such factors as age at exposure and nationality, ICRP have recommended the use of a conservative risk of 50 additional fatal cancers induced per million people of the general population exposed to 1 mSv of medical radiation (ICRP-60 1991). A more detailed discussion of the assessment of stochastic risk is given in ICRP60 (ICRP-60 1991). Effective dose can be calculated for thoracic CT examinations using dose distributions pre-calculated for speciﬁc CT scanner geometry and beamﬁltration quality (Atherton and Huda 1996; Jones and Shrimpton 1993; McCollough and Schueler 2000; Shrimpton and Edyvean 1998; Zankl et al.
A complete set of dose coefﬁcients for a wide range of ages has only recently been published (Khursheed et al. 2002). The mathematical phantoms used for these calculations were different from those used to calculate the dose distributions for adults, so it may not be possible to incorporate them directly into the dose calculation programs mentioned previously; however, it may be possible to use a simple effective dosemodifying factor to account for age. Further research into this approach is required.