By Katherine Verdery
The present transformation of many japanese ecu societies is very unlikely to appreciate with out comprehending the highbrow struggles surrounding nationalism within the quarter. Anthropologist Katherine Verdery indicates how the instance of Romania means that present ethnic tensions come no longer from a resurrection of pre-Communist Nationalism yet from the strengthening of nationwide ideologies below Communist get together rule.
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Additional resources for National Ideology Under Socialism: Identity and Cultural Politics in Ceausescu's Romania (Society and Culture in East-Central Europe)
In ‘Scattered Speculations on the Question of Value’ (1985), Spivak emphasises the importance of Marx’s labour theory of value for thinking about the international division of labour between the ‘Third World’ and the ‘First World’. Yet in ‘Feminism and Critical Theory’ (1978) and ‘A Literary Representation of the Subaltern’ (1988) Spivak criticises Marx’s labour theory of value because it ignores the unwaged productive and reproductive labour power of women in the ‘Third World’. (Marx’s theory will be discussed in more detail in Chapter 4; see box, p.
In an interview with Elizabeth Grosz, Spivak rejects the idea of reconciliation between Marxism, feminism and deconstruction on the grounds that such totalising theoretical models are ‘too deeply marked’ by ‘colonialist inﬂuence’ (Spivak 1990: 15). Instead, Spivak asserts that ‘the irreducible but impossible task is to preserve the discontinuities within the discourses of feminism, Marxism and deconstruction’ (Spivak: 1990: 15). Spivak has subsequently referred to this task as the ‘critical interruption’ of Marxism, feminism and deconstruction (Spivak 1990: 110).
To challenge the class-based structure of this nationalist mythology, Spivak performs a textual analysis of ‘Breast Giver’, a short story by the Bengali-language ﬁction writer, Mahasweta Devi. In this story, the female protagonist, Jashoda, a subaltern woman, is hired by a wealthy Brahmin family as a professional mother. The story narrates the subsequent grotesque putrefaction of Jashoda’s maternal body after breast-feeding several high-caste, Brahmin children. For Spivak, SETTING DECONSTRUCTION TO WORK 39 40 KEY IDEAS Jashoda’s diseased, exploited and lower-caste maternal body highlights the limitations of the Mother India mythology as a bourgeois ideological construct.