By William B. Dinsmoor Jr.
The well-preserved Temple of Hephaistos, status on a low hill to the west of the Athenian Agora, was once one of many merely monuments seen whilst American excavations started at the web site in 1931. recognized all through its early glossy background because the "Theseum," it truly is nonetheless the Agora's so much conspicuous landmark. This publication provides a very specific architectural learn of the temple and a reconstruction of its historical past. Inaugurated in 449 B.C. (on October 17, claims the author), the temple used to be one in every of a gaggle of establishing initiatives that celebrated the defeat of the Persians and the expansion of Athenian strength. within the fifth century A.D. the temple used to be switched over to a Christian church and was once used as such till the nineteenth century.
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Extra info for Observations on the Hephaisteion (Hesperia Supplement vol 5)
Q Fig. 15. Outer Corner of Foundation below Southwest Corner of Opisthodomos,from South the fourth course (d), where it exists, nmayeither retreat or advance slightly beyond the third (Figs. 11, 29). 761 m. 993 m. 14 m. closer to the axis of the temple and so to be symmetrically supported. 752mn. 50 m. (23 Doric feet). 949 in scheme A, and now became 94 For the numbering of the marble courses from I upward, see note 19, and Fig. 29. 857 in scheme B. 95 The absence of any signs of alteration above the foundation courses suggests that the change of scheme occurred before the laying of the lowest marble course but after the completionof the foundations.
06 m. thick. 27 in. in length, breaking joints carefully, with a short block at the north (and presumablyalso at the south) end of the middle course; and their material is uniformly the soft gray poros from bottom to top, thereby differing from the outer face. Similar discrepancies appear in the cross section of the foundation. 94 m. 05 m. 70 m. 28 m. inside. The . 81 m. from the outer face of the cross-wall; but the projec-. 16 m. respectively from bottom to top. 67m. 63 m. 48m. (c) within the east wall plane.
From the plane of the north wall. It is now evident that there must have been a complete change of plan in the location of the west cross-wall, and that the inner face of the foundation is a later facing or revetment inserted for the purpose of supporting the wall in a more easterly position than had been intended. The outer portion of the foundation is in itself of the proper thickness to receive the cross-wall. but is at present wrongly located. 20 m. 28 m. 267 m. as may be seen at the north end where a jogged joint was prepared on the northernmost block to fit around a protruding block of the north foundation but now leaves an open gap of this width.