By Wim Pelupessy
This quantity specializes in the problems and debates surrounding the rural export financial system of vital the USA. views on conventional exports and the overseas markets, and labour difficulties are supplied in addition to a comparative learn of the Salvadorean and Nicaraguan cotton sectors.
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Extra resources for Perspectives on the Agro-Export Economy in Central America
It acted as an intermediary for public loans from the Interamerican Development Bank, the World Bank and others, facilitated the import of sophisticated packing machinery, linked areas of difficult access with new roads and authorised the greatest destruction of woods (in a decade) for more than a century. Within five years, Central America became an important exporter and at the beginning of the 1960s had over four million head of cattle, which produced 30 million pounds of exports a year. Ten years later, in 1973 there were 22 packing plants which exported 180 million pounds, and over eight million head of cattle.
This analysis will outline the conditions of the world market for these exports, particularly in the European Economic Community (EEC). If Central American countries come out of the political crisis within a framework of peace, rapid economic recuperation will be needed, which will rely on traditional exports. In this chapter the main characteristics of the world markets and their long-run tendencies will be discussed, as well as trends in the 1980s. The evolution of prices for the three products will be a particularly important topic.
Producers concentrated their efforts on yields, particularly in the 1960s. 2). Increases in world consumption were significant for coffee and cotton but its rates slackened more and more in the 1970s as well as in the 1980s. Banana consumption decreased steadily in both periods. The main reason for these trends can be found in the general decrease of world growth rates. 3). Finally, stock levels are a heavy burden for cotton producers (103 per cent of the world consumption in 1984). Cotton and coffee have always had the highest stock levels compared to consumption of all primary agricultural commodities.