By Si Sheppard
Immortalized in Shakespeare's play at the lifestyles and demise of Julius Caesar, the conflict of Philippi was once the ultimate conflict among the forces of Mark Antony and Octavian opposed to the forces of Caesar's assassins Brutus and Longinus in the course of the Roman civil wars that took position within the 40s and 30s BC. Si Sheppard takes an in depth examine the crusade that was once waged round the Macedonian urban of Philipi. the 1st engagement at the third of October used to be indecisive as Octavian's forces have been routed by means of these of Brutus, yet Cassius' camp was once captured by means of Mark Antony's males; wrongly fearing that Brutus was once useless and that every one used to be misplaced for his reason, Cassius dedicated suicide - depriving the Republicans in their so much talented commander. meanwhile, the Republicans' naval forces had controlled to intercept and wreck the availability ships of the Triumvirs within the Adriatic, a significant blow to Octavian and Mark Anthony. Expertly detailing the altering fates of the opposing aspects, their successes and screw ups illustrated in a variety of maps, the booklet then turns to the ultimate phases of the crusade. because the Triumvirs' forces slowly moved their fieldworks in the direction of their enemies' positions, Brutus, unaware of the destruction of Calvinus's fleet and seeing few different techniques on hand to him, determined to offer conflict. within the bloody and shut wrestle, legionary fought legionary amid nice slaughter, till Brutus' forces have been ultimately routed and his camp overrun. Brutus fled and devoted suicide tomorrow. The Republican circulate overwhelmed, Rome now rested within the palms of the second one Triumvirate. this can be the historical past of the Philippi crusade that sounded the ultimate dying knell for the Republican circulate.
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Additional info for Philippi 42 BC -The death of the Roman Republic
Hirtius was saluted as imperator by his soldiers and by the Senate (as were Pansa, although he had fared badly, and Octavian, although he had not even been engaged). In a further boost to senatorial morale, Pontius Aquila, a legate of Decimus, defeated Munatius Plancus and drove him out of Pollentia. It is clear Antony now felt the initiative slipping away and at risk of being reduced from besieger to besieged. In the wake of the setback at Forum Gallorum he decided against seeking another general engagement with the Senatorial armies but sought to keep them at bay by harassing them daily with his cavalry until Decimus was finally starved into surrender.
In the account of the historian Appian, Antony placed his two best legions in ambush in a marsh, where they were concealed by the reeds and where the road, which had been thrown up artificially, was narrow. Pansa and Carfulenus had hurried ahead through the defile by night. ' When Antony's praetorian cohort blocked the road it was the signal for the rest of his forces to attack the Senatorial troops on their flanks. The Martian legion, surrounded on all sides and having no way to escape, ordered the new levies, if they came up, not to join in the fight lest they should cause confusion by their inexperience.
The Martian legion, surrounded on all sides and having no way to escape, ordered the new levies, if they came up, not to join in the fight lest they should cause confusion by their inexperience. The praetorians of Octavian confronted the praetorians of Antony. The other cohorts split and advanced into the marsh on either side, one flank commanded by Pansa, the other by Carfulenus. Thus there were two battles in the marsh, and neither division could see the other by reason of the elevated road, while along the road itself the praetorian cohorts fought another battle of their own.